Android – How to get each device’s IP address in Wi-Fi Direct scenario

androidandroid-wifiwifiwifi-directwifimanager

Starting from ICS, Wi-Fi Direct is introduced. Normally, we use the WifiP2pManager class to operate on Wi-Fi Direct, but it seems that it can only retrieve the GroupOwner IP address after connected. But, actually, any device all came negotiate to become the GroupOwner. In Upper Application, we need to get the peer's IP address, or each peer's IP address in a group so that we can send/communicate with them.

How to get each IP address in Wi-Fi Direct? Include own IP address and each peer in the group?

Best Solution

I encountered the same problem. Since both devices know the group owner's ip, it is already possible to send a message to the group owner. The first message you send can contain the ip address of the other device; from then on, bidirectional communication is possible.

Here's a possibility for retrieving your ip in java:

private byte[] getLocalIPAddress() {
    try { 
        for (Enumeration<NetworkInterface> en = NetworkInterface.getNetworkInterfaces(); en.hasMoreElements();) { 
            NetworkInterface intf = en.nextElement(); 
            for (Enumeration<InetAddress> enumIpAddr = intf.getInetAddresses(); enumIpAddr.hasMoreElements();) { 
                InetAddress inetAddress = enumIpAddr.nextElement(); 
                if (!inetAddress.isLoopbackAddress()) { 
                    if (inetAddress instanceof Inet4Address) { // fix for Galaxy Nexus. IPv4 is easy to use :-) 
                        return inetAddress.getAddress(); 
                    } 
                    //return inetAddress.getHostAddress().toString(); // Galaxy Nexus returns IPv6 
                } 
            } 
        } 
    } catch (SocketException ex) { 
        //Log.e("AndroidNetworkAddressFactory", "getLocalIPAddress()", ex); 
    } catch (NullPointerException ex) { 
        //Log.e("AndroidNetworkAddressFactory", "getLocalIPAddress()", ex); 
    } 
    return null; 
}

private String getDottedDecimalIP(byte[] ipAddr) {
    //convert to dotted decimal notation:
    String ipAddrStr = "";
    for (int i=0; i<ipAddr.length; i++) {
        if (i > 0) {
            ipAddrStr += ".";
        }
        ipAddrStr += ipAddr[i]&0xFF;
    }
    return ipAddrStr;
}

ip = getDottedDecimalIP(getLocalIPAddress());

Wrap this ip in a Serializable object and send it to the group owner like you would send any other object. Consider this the first step in your wifi-direct protocol... Now, the group owner also has an IP to send answers to.

This works for me, although I think it's weird that I had to implement this myself and I could only find the group owner ip easily (info.groupOwnerAddress.getHostAddress(); //with info a WifiP2pInfo instance). Maybe there is a comparable way to retrieve the ip of the other peers, but I couldn't find it. Please contact me if you do.

Good luck...