Android – Taking a “screenshot” of a specific layout in Android

androidscreenshot

I have two main issues which are closely linked. I am looking at these problems from a programmatic point of view.


(1) – I wish to take a screenshot of the contents of a SPECIFIC layout, i.e. a ScrollView nested in a LinearLayout.

(2) – As the ScrollView has content that spills out of the screen (hence scrolling made possible), how can I ensure that the screenshot includes the elements that are not visible on the screen?

This is the current block of code I use. It does the job of taking a screenshot but only for the entire screen. This is even though R.id.boss is the ID of the ScrollView and not the main LinearLayout.

View view = findViewById(R.id.boss);
View v = view.getRootView();// this does not seem to make a difference
v.setDrawingCacheEnabled(true);                                                
v.measure(MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), 
MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED));
v.layout(0, 0, v.getMeasuredWidth(), v.getMeasuredHeight());    
v.buildDrawingCache(true);
Bitmap b = Bitmap.createBitmap(u.getDrawingCache());             
v.setDrawingCacheEnabled(false);

Thanks in advance.

EDIT:

I've made a few mistakes. I used R.id.boss which is the wrong resource. I am now able to take a screenshot of the scrollview alone, less the out-of-screen parts.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:id="@+id/boss"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
android:layout_gravity="top"
android:orientation="vertical" >

    <TextView
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:text="F"
    android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceMedium" />

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Analyze via image URL"
        android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall" />

        <LinearLayout
            android:layout_width="fill_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
             >

                        <EditText
                            android:id="@+id/mUrl"
                            android:layout_width="fill_parent"
                            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                            android:layout_weight="0.7"
                            android:text="http://" >

                            <requestFocus />
                        </EditText>

                        <ImageView
                            android:id="@+id/call"
                            android:layout_width="75dp"
                            android:layout_height="50dp"
                            android:layout_weight="0.3"
                            android:text="ABC"
                            android:src="@drawable/run" />

        </LinearLayout>

     <TextView
         android:layout_width="fill_parent"
         android:layout_height="wrap_content"
         android:text="ABC"
         android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall" />

     <LinearLayout
         android:layout_width="fill_parent"
         android:layout_height="wrap_content" >

         <EditText
             android:id="@+id/filepath"
             android:layout_width="fill_parent"
             android:layout_height="wrap_content"
             android:layout_weight="0.55" />

         <ImageView
             android:id="@+id/cam"
             android:layout_width="75dp"
             android:layout_height="50dp"
             android:layout_weight="0.15"
             android:src="@drawable/cam" />

         <ImageView
             android:id="@+id/browse"
             android:layout_width="75dp"
             android:layout_height="50dp"
             android:layout_weight="0.15"
             android:src="@drawable/folder"
             android:text="B" />

         <ImageView
             android:id="@+id/upload"
             android:layout_width="75dp"
             android:layout_height="50dp"
             android:layout_weight="0.15"
             android:src="@drawable/run"
             android:text="A" />
     </LinearLayout>


     <LinearLayout
         android:id="@+id/baba"
         android:layout_width="fill_parent"
         android:layout_height="wrap_content"
         android:orientation="vertical" >


         <ScrollView
             android:id="@+id/scroll"
             android:layout_width="fill_parent"
             android:layout_height="150dp"
             android:layout_weight="0.7" >

             <LinearLayout
                 android:layout_width="fill_parent"
                 android:layout_height="186dp"
                 android:orientation="vertical" >

                 <ImageView
                     android:id="@+id/pic"
                     android:layout_width="fill_parent"
                     android:layout_height="fill_parent"
                     android:layout_weight="1" />

                 <TextView
                     android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                     android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                     android:layout_weight="1"
                     android:text="Facial recognition"
                     android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceMedium" />

                 <TextView
                     android:id="@+id/text3"
                     android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                     android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                     android:layout_weight="1"
                     android:text="Small Text"
                     android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall" />

                 <TextView
                     android:id="@+id/avmarwe"
                     android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                     android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                     android:layout_weight="1"
                     android:text="Gender and age"
                     android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceMedium" />

                 <TextView
                     android:id="@+id/text1"
                     android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                     android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                     android:layout_weight="1"
                     android:text="Small Text"
                     android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall" />

                 <TextView
                     android:id="@+id/skahasd"
                     android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                     android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                     android:layout_weight="1"
                     android:text="Expression and mood"
                     android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceMedium" />

                 <TextView
                     android:id="@+id/text2"
                     android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                     android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                     android:layout_weight="1"
                     android:text="Small Text"
                     android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall" />

                 <TextView
                     android:id="@+id/dsfsfs"
                     android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                     android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                     android:layout_weight="1"
                     android:text="Celebrity Facial Match"
                     android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceMedium" />

                 <TextView
                     android:id="@+id/text4"
                     android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                     android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                     android:layout_weight="1"
                     android:text="Small Text"
                     android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall" />
             </LinearLayout>
         </ScrollView>

     </LinearLayout>


    <LinearLayout
        android:id="@+id/linearLayout1"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_gravity="bottom" >

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/c"
            android:layout_width="fill_parent"
            android:layout_height="50dp"
            android:layout_weight="0.7"
            android:text="" />

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/share"
            android:layout_width="70dp"
            android:layout_height="50dp"
            android:layout_weight="0.3"
            android:text="" />

    </LinearLayout>

</LinearLayout>

Best Solution

Thanks to you guys, I've finally found out what was wrong.

View v = view.getRootView(); should not be used because it will call the root view which I do not want. I mistakenly thought this did not make a difference because I had entered the wrong resource ID.

MeasureSpec somehow did not give a good account of the width and height. So I ended up using another method:

...
ScrollView z = (ScrollView) findViewById(R.id.scroll);
int totalHeight = z.getChildAt(0).getHeight();
int totalWidth = z.getChildAt(0).getWidth();
u.layout(0, 0, totalWidth, totalHeight);
...

As ScrollView's total height can be determined by the single child element that it has.

After making these changes, I am now able to take a screenshot of a nested ScrollView and all its contents, visible or not. For anyone interested, here is the block of code including the saving of the bitmap:

            View u = findViewById(R.id.scroll);
            u.setDrawingCacheEnabled(true);                                                
            ScrollView z = (ScrollView) findViewById(R.id.scroll);
            int totalHeight = z.getChildAt(0).getHeight();
            int totalWidth = z.getChildAt(0).getWidth();
            u.layout(0, 0, totalWidth, totalHeight);    
            u.buildDrawingCache(true);
            Bitmap b = Bitmap.createBitmap(u.getDrawingCache());             
            u.setDrawingCacheEnabled(false);

            //Save bitmap
            String extr = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().toString() +   File.separator + "Folder";
            String fileName = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyyMMddhhmm'_report.jpg'").format(new Date());
            File myPath = new File(extr, fileName);
            FileOutputStream fos = null;
            try {
                fos = new FileOutputStream(myPath);
                b.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG, 100, fos);
                fos.flush();
                fos.close();
                MediaStore.Images.Media.insertImage(getContentResolver(), b, "Screen", "screen");
            }catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                e.printStackTrace();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                e.printStackTrace();
            }