Android – ViewPager PagerAdapter not updating the View

androidandroid-viewpager

I'm using the ViewPager from the compatibility library. I have succussfully got it displaying several views which I can page through.

However, I'm having a hard time figuring out how to update the ViewPager with a new set of Views.

I've tried all sorts of things like calling mAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged(), mViewPager.invalidate() even creating a brand new adapter each time I want to use a new List of data.

Nothing has helped, the textviews remain unchanged from the original data.

Update:
I made a little test project and I've almost been able to update the views. I'll paste the class below.

What doesn't appear to update however is the 2nd view, the 'B' remains, it should display 'Y' after pressing the update button.

public class ViewPagerBugActivity extends Activity {

    private ViewPager myViewPager;
    private List<String> data;

    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);

        data = new ArrayList<String>();
        data.add("A");
        data.add("B");
        data.add("C");

        myViewPager = (ViewPager) findViewById(R.id.my_view_pager);
        myViewPager.setAdapter(new MyViewPagerAdapter(this, data));

        Button updateButton = (Button) findViewById(R.id.update_button);
        updateButton.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                updateViewPager();
            }
        });
    }

    private void updateViewPager() {
        data.clear();
        data.add("X");
        data.add("Y");
        data.add("Z");
        myViewPager.getAdapter().notifyDataSetChanged();
    }

    private class MyViewPagerAdapter extends PagerAdapter {

        private List<String> data;
        private Context ctx;

        public MyViewPagerAdapter(Context ctx, List<String> data) {
            this.ctx = ctx;
            this.data = data;
        }

        @Override
        public int getCount() {
            return data.size();
        }

        @Override
        public Object instantiateItem(View collection, int position) {
            TextView view = new TextView(ctx);
            view.setText(data.get(position));
            ((ViewPager)collection).addView(view);
            return view;
        }

        @Override
        public void destroyItem(View collection, int position, Object view) {
             ((ViewPager) collection).removeView((View) view);
        }

        @Override
        public boolean isViewFromObject(View view, Object object) {
            return view == object;
        }

        @Override
        public Parcelable saveState() {
            return null;
        }

        @Override
        public void restoreState(Parcelable arg0, ClassLoader arg1) {
        }

        @Override
        public void startUpdate(View arg0) {
        }

        @Override
        public void finishUpdate(View arg0) {
        }
    }
}

Best Solution

There are several ways to achieve this.

The first option is easier, but bit more inefficient.

Override getItemPosition in your PagerAdapter like this:

public int getItemPosition(Object object) {
    return POSITION_NONE;
}

This way, when you call notifyDataSetChanged(), the view pager will remove all views and reload them all. As so the reload effect is obtained.

The second option, suggested by Alvaro Luis Bustamante (previously alvarolb), is to setTag() method in instantiateItem() when instantiating a new view. Then instead of using notifyDataSetChanged(), you can use findViewWithTag() to find the view you want to update.

The second approach is very flexible and high performant. Kudos to alvarolb for the original research.

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