Angular – What are pipe and tap methods in Angular tutorial


I'm following the tutorial at, and I'm having trouble finding documentation; specifically for the methods pipe and tap. I can't find anything on or

My understanding is that pipe and tap are both methods of Observable, which is being imported from RxJS, correct? What are they supposed to do?

Are these methods part of Angular? What do these two methods do?

Best Solution

You are right, the documentation lacks of those methods. However when I dug into rxjs repository, I found nice comments about tap (too long to paste here) and pipe operators:

   * Used to stitch together functional operators into a chain.
   * @method pipe
   * @return {Observable} the Observable result of all of the operators having
   * been called in the order they were passed in.
   * @example
   * import { map, filter, scan } from 'rxjs/operators';
   * Rx.Observable.interval(1000)
   *   .pipe(
   *     filter(x => x % 2 === 0),
   *     map(x => x + x),
   *     scan((acc, x) => acc + x)
   *   )
   *   .subscribe(x => console.log(x))

In brief:

Pipe: Used to stitch together functional operators into a chain. Before we could just do observable.filter().map().scan(), but since every RxJS operator is a standalone function rather than an Observable's method, we need pipe() to make a chain of those operators (see example above).

Tap: Can perform side effects with observed data but does not modify the stream in any way. Formerly called do(). You can think of it as if observable was an array over time, then tap() would be an equivalent to Array.forEach().