How to Publish Web with msbuild

asp.netmsbuildmsdeployteamcityvisual-studio-2010

Visual Studio 2010 has a Publish command that allows you to publish your Web Application Project to a file system location. I'd like to do this on my TeamCity build server, so I need to do it with the solution runner or msbuild. I tried using the Publish target, but I think that might be for ClickOnce:

msbuild Project.csproj /t:Publish /p:Configuration=Deploy

I basically want to do exactly what a web deployment project does, but without the add-in. I need it to compile the WAP, remove any files unnecessary for execution, perform any web.config transformations, and copy the output to a specified location.

My Solution, based on Jeff Siver's answer

<Target Name="Deploy">
    <MSBuild Projects="$(SolutionFile)" 
             Properties="Configuration=$(Configuration);DeployOnBuild=true;DeployTarget=Package" 
             ContinueOnError="false" />
    <Exec Command="&quot;$(ProjectPath)\obj\$(Configuration)\Package\$(ProjectName).deploy.cmd&quot; /y /m:$(DeployServer) -enableRule:DoNotDeleteRule" 
          ContinueOnError="false" />
</Target>

Best Solution

I got it mostly working without a custom msbuild script. Here are the relevant TeamCity build configuration settings:

Artifact paths: %system.teamcity.build.workingDir%\MyProject\obj\Debug\Package\PackageTmp 
Type of runner: MSBuild (Runner for MSBuild files) 
Build file path: MyProject\MyProject.csproj 
Working directory: same as checkout directory 
MSBuild version: Microsoft .NET Framework 4.0 
MSBuild ToolsVersion: 4.0 
Run platform: x86 
Targets: Package 
Command line parameters to MSBuild.exe: /p:Configuration=Debug

This will compile, package (with web.config transformation), and save the output as artifacts. The only thing missing is copying the output to a specified location, but that could be done either in another TeamCity build configuration with an artifact dependency or with an msbuild script.

Update

Here is an msbuild script that will compile, package (with web.config transformation), and copy the output to my staging server

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<Project DefaultTargets="Build" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/developer/msbuild/2003">
    <PropertyGroup>
        <Configuration Condition=" '$(Configuration)' == '' ">Release</Configuration>
        <SolutionName>MySolution</SolutionName>
        <SolutionFile>$(SolutionName).sln</SolutionFile>
        <ProjectName>MyProject</ProjectName>
        <ProjectFile>$(ProjectName)\$(ProjectName).csproj</ProjectFile>
    </PropertyGroup>

    <Target Name="Build" DependsOnTargets="BuildPackage;CopyOutput" />

    <Target Name="BuildPackage">
        <MSBuild Projects="$(SolutionFile)" ContinueOnError="false" Targets="Rebuild" Properties="Configuration=$(Configuration)" />
        <MSBuild Projects="$(ProjectFile)" ContinueOnError="false" Targets="Package" Properties="Configuration=$(Configuration)" />
    </Target>

    <Target Name="CopyOutput">
        <ItemGroup>
            <PackagedFiles Include="$(ProjectName)\obj\$(Configuration)\Package\PackageTmp\**\*.*"/>
        </ItemGroup>
        <Copy SourceFiles="@(PackagedFiles)" DestinationFiles="@(PackagedFiles->'\\build02\wwwroot\$(ProjectName)\$(Configuration)\%(RecursiveDir)%(Filename)%(Extension)')"/>
    </Target>
</Project>

You can also remove the SolutionName and ProjectName properties from the PropertyGroup tag and pass them to msbuild.

msbuild build.xml /p:Configuration=Deploy;SolutionName=MySolution;ProjectName=MyProject

Update 2

Since this question still gets a good deal of traffic, I thought it was worth updating my answer with my current script that uses Web Deploy (also known as MSDeploy).

<Project xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/developer/msbuild/2003" DefaultTargets="Build" ToolsVersion="4.0">
  <PropertyGroup>
    <Configuration Condition=" '$(Configuration)' == '' ">Release</Configuration>
    <ProjectFile Condition=" '$(ProjectFile)' == '' ">$(ProjectName)\$(ProjectName).csproj</ProjectFile>
    <DeployServiceUrl Condition=" '$(DeployServiceUrl)' == '' ">http://staging-server/MSDeployAgentService</DeployServiceUrl>
  </PropertyGroup>

  <Target Name="VerifyProperties">
    <!-- Verify that we have values for all required properties -->
    <Error Condition=" '$(ProjectName)' == '' " Text="ProjectName is required." />
  </Target>

  <Target Name="Build" DependsOnTargets="VerifyProperties">
    <!-- Deploy using windows authentication -->
    <MSBuild Projects="$(ProjectFile)"
             Properties="Configuration=$(Configuration);
                             MvcBuildViews=False;
                             DeployOnBuild=true;
                             DeployTarget=MSDeployPublish;
                             CreatePackageOnPublish=True;
                             AllowUntrustedCertificate=True;
                             MSDeployPublishMethod=RemoteAgent;
                             MsDeployServiceUrl=$(DeployServiceUrl);
                             SkipExtraFilesOnServer=True;
                             UserName=;
                             Password=;"
             ContinueOnError="false" />
  </Target>
</Project>

In TeamCity, I have parameters named env.Configuration, env.ProjectName and env.DeployServiceUrl. The MSBuild runner has the build file path and the parameters are passed automagically (you don't have to specify them in Command line parameters).

You can also run it from the command line:

msbuild build.xml /p:Configuration=Staging;ProjectName=MyProject;DeployServiceUrl=http://staging-server/MSDeployAgentService