Bash – How to get Maven project version to the bash command line


Previous I issued a question on how to change Maven project vesion from command line which lead me to a new issue.

Previously I was able to get the version number since the version was stored as a property that was easy to grep and parse from the command line (bash). Now that the pom.xml <version> element is used for this, it no longer is unique since all the dependencies and maybe some others too use this. I think there is no way to get the current version number with a bash script without external tools for parsing XML or some very context-aware sed command.

The most clean solution in my opinion would be for Maven to hand out this version information. I was thinking of writing a custom maven plugin for retrieving different properties but I thought I'd ask here first.

So, is there any easy way to get the value of ${project.version} to the command line?


I had to cd to the directory manually but that can be done easily. In my bash script I have:

version=`cd $project_loc && mvn org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-help-plugin:2.1.1:evaluate -Dexpression=project.version | sed -n -e '/^\[.*\]/ !{ /^[0-9]/ { p; q } }'`

Which gives me the current version that I can then advance. Grepping might be simpler but I thought I'd like as robust as possible, so I'm satisfied with the first line that starts with a number and try to handle this as a version number.

# Advances the last number of the given version string by one.
function advance_version () {
    local v=$1
    # Get the last number. First remove any suffixes (such as '-SNAPSHOT').
    local cleaned=`echo $v | sed -e 's/[^0-9][^0-9]*$//'`
    local last_num=`echo $cleaned | sed -e 's/[0-9]*\.//g'`
    local next_num=$(($last_num+1))
    # Finally replace the last number in version string with the new one.
    echo $v | sed -e "s/[0-9][0-9]*\([^0-9]*\)$/$next_num/"

And I use this by simply calling:

new_version=$(advance_version $version)

Best Solution

The Maven Help Plugin is somehow already proposing something for this:

  • help:evaluate evaluates Maven expressions given by the user in an interactive mode.

Here is how you would invoke it on the command line to get the ${project.version}:

mvn org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-help-plugin:2.1.1:evaluate \