Bash – the purpose of “&&” in a shell command

bashcommand-lineshellsyntax

As far as I know, using & after the command is for running it in the background.

Example of & usage: tar -czf file.tar.gz dirname &

But how about &&? (example)

Best Solution

Furthermore, you also have || which is the logical or, and also ; which is just a separator which doesn't care what happend to the command before.

$ false || echo "Oops, fail"
Oops, fail

$ true || echo "Will not be printed"
$  

$ true && echo "Things went well"
Things went well

$ false && echo "Will not be printed"
$

$ false ; echo "This will always run"
This will always run

Some details about this can be found here Lists of Commands in the Bash Manual.