Binding textures in OpenGL


So I'm rendering my scene in batches, to try and minimize state changes.
Since my shaders usually need multiple textures, I have a few of them bound at the same time to different texture units. Some of these textures are used in multiple batches, so could even stay bound.

Now my question is, is it fine to just re-bind all of the textures that I need during a batch, even though some of them may already be bound? Or should I check which ones are bound, and only bind new ones? How expensive is glBindTexture? I'm using shaders, is it bad to have unused textures bound to texture units that the shader won't sample from, or should I unbind them?

I'm mostly asking "how to make it fast", not "how to".

EDIT: Would it help if I supplied code?

Best Solution

The holy rule of GPU programming is that less you talk to GPU, the more she loves you. glBindTexture is much more expensive than single condition check on CPU, so for frequent state changes, I think you should see if there is a need to transfer new texture index to GPU.

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