C++ – Compilation errors through incorrect use of CComPtr objects

atlc++comvisual-studio-2005

I have defined the following CComPtr object and method in my class:

private:

    CComPtr<IRawPdu>& getRawPdu();
    // Returns the RawPdu interface pointer from the mRawPdu data member.
    // mRawPdu is initialized, if necessary.

    CComPtr<IRawPdu> mRawPdu;
    // Initialized to 0 in the ctor.  Uses lazy evaluation via getRawPdu().

In the constructor of my class, I initialise mRawPdu to 0 via the initialisor list. The getRawPdu() method used lazy evaluation if mRawPdu has yet to be initialised.

When compiling the code, I get the following errors:

Compiling...
topport.cpp
C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 8\VC\atlmfc\include\atlcomcli.h(295) : error C2664: 'ATL::AtlComPtrAssign' : cannot convert parameter 2 from 'const ATL::CComPtr<T>' to 'IUnknown *'
        with
        [
            T=IRawPdu
        ]
        No user-defined-conversion operator available that can perform this conversion, or the operator cannot be called
        C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 8\VC\atlmfc\include\atlcomcli.h(292) : while compiling class template member function 'IRawPdu *ATL::CComPtr<T>::operator =(const ATL::CComPtr<T> &) throw()'
        with
        [
            T=IRawPdu
        ]
        sessionutilities.h(186) : see reference to class template instantiation 'ATL::CComPtr<T>' being compiled
        with
        [
            T=IRawPdu
        ]
topglobals.cpp
C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 8\VC\atlmfc\include\atlcomcli.h(295) : error C2664: 'ATL::AtlComPtrAssign' : cannot convert parameter 2 from 'const ATL::CComPtr<T>' to 'IUnknown *'
        with
        [
            T=IRawPdu
        ]
        No user-defined-conversion operator available that can perform this conversion, or the operator cannot be called
        C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 8\VC\atlmfc\include\atlcomcli.h(292) : while compiling class template member function 'IRawPdu *ATL::CComPtr<T>::operator =(const ATL::CComPtr<T> &) throw()'
        with
        [
            T=IRawPdu
        ]
        sessionutilities.h(186) : see reference to class template instantiation 'ATL::CComPtr<T>' being compiled
        with
        [
            T=IRawPdu
        ]

Any suggestions as to what could be causing this?

Best Solution

Based on the error given by the compiler it appears that it cannot infer a conversion between IRawPdu and IUnknown.

Does it actually inherit from IUnknown? If so then it's possibly an include ordering issue. Can you give more insight into the hierarchy of IRawPdu

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