C++ – experimental::filesystem linker error


I try to use the new c++1z features actually on the head of development within gcc 6.0.

If I try this little example:

#include <iostream>
#include <experimental/filesystem>
namespace fs = std::experimental::filesystem;
int main()
    fs::path p1 = "/home/pete/checkit";

    std::cout << "p1 = " << p1 << std::endl;

I got:

/opt/linux-gnu_6-20151011/bin/g++ --std=c++1z main.cpp -O2 -g -o go
/tmp/ccaGzqFO.o: In function \`std::experimental::filesystem::v1::__cxx11::path::path(char const (&) [36])':
/opt/linux-gnu_6-20151011/include/c++/6.0.0/experimental/bits/fs_path.h:167: undefined reference to `std::experimental::filesystem::v1::__cxx11::path::_M_split_cmpts()'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status

gcc version is the snapshot linux-gnu_6-20151011

Any hints how to link for the new c++1z features?

Best Solution

The Filesystem TS is nothing to do with C++1z support, it is a completely separate specification not part of the C++1z working draft. GCC's implementation (in GCC 5.3 and later) is even available in C++11 mode.

You just need to link with -lstdc++fs to use it.

(The relevant library, libstdc++fs.a, is a static library, so as with any static library it should come after any objects that depend on it in the linker command.)

Update Nov 2017: as well as the Filesystem TS, GCC 8.x also has an implementation of the C++17 Filesystem library, defined in <filesystem> and in namespace std::filesystem (N.B. no "experimental" in those names) when using -std=gnu++17 or -std=c++17. GCC's C++17 support is not complete or stable yet, and until it's considered ready for prime time use you also need to link to -lstdc++fs for the C++17 Filesystem features.

Update Jan 2019: starting with GCC 9, the C++17 std::filesystem components can be used without -lstdc++fs (but you still need that library for std::experimental::filesystem).

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