C# – How to calculate the average rgb color values of a bitmap


In my C# (3.5) application I need to get the average color values for the red, green and blue channels of a bitmap. Preferably without using an external library. Can this be done? If so, how? Thanks in advance.

Trying to make things a little more precise: Each pixel in the bitmap has a certain RGB color value. I'd like to get the average RGB values for all pixels in the image.

Best Solution

The fastest way is by using unsafe code:

BitmapData srcData = bm.LockBits(
            new Rectangle(0, 0, bm.Width, bm.Height), 

int stride = srcData.Stride;

IntPtr Scan0 = srcData.Scan0;

long[] totals = new long[] {0,0,0};

int width = bm.Width;
int height = bm.Height;

  byte* p = (byte*) (void*) Scan0;

  for (int y = 0; y < height; y++)
    for (int x = 0; x < width; x++)
      for (int color = 0; color < 3; color++)
        int idx = (y*stride) + x*4 + color;

        totals[color] += p[idx];

int avgB = totals[0] / (width*height);
int avgG = totals[1] / (width*height);
int avgR = totals[2] / (width*height);

Beware: I didn't test this code... (I may have cut some corners)

This code also asssumes a 32 bit image. For 24-bit images. Change the x*4 to x*3

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