C# – How to get a TextBox to only accept numeric input in WPF

c++numericupdowntextboxwpfxaml

I'm looking to accept digits and the decimal point, but no sign.

I've looked at samples using the NumericUpDown control for Windows Forms, and this sample of a NumericUpDown custom control from Microsoft. But so far it seems like NumericUpDown (supported by WPF or not) is not going to provide the functionality that I want. The way my application is designed, nobody in their right mind is going to want to mess with the arrows. They don't make any practical sense, in the context of my application.

So I'm looking for a simple way to make a standard WPF TextBox accept only the characters that I want. Is this possible? Is it practical?

Best Solution

Add a preview text input event. Like so: <TextBox PreviewTextInput="PreviewTextInput" />.

Then inside that set the e.Handled if the text isn't allowed. e.Handled = !IsTextAllowed(e.Text);

I use a simple regex in IsTextAllowed method to see if I should allow what they've typed. In my case I only want to allow numbers, dots and dashes.

private static readonly Regex _regex = new Regex("[^0-9.-]+"); //regex that matches disallowed text
private static bool IsTextAllowed(string text)
{
    return !_regex.IsMatch(text);
}

If you want to prevent pasting of incorrect data hook up the DataObject.Pasting event DataObject.Pasting="TextBoxPasting" as shown here (code excerpted):

// Use the DataObject.Pasting Handler 
private void TextBoxPasting(object sender, DataObjectPastingEventArgs e)
{
    if (e.DataObject.GetDataPresent(typeof(String)))
    {
        String text = (String)e.DataObject.GetData(typeof(String));
        if (!IsTextAllowed(text))
        {
            e.CancelCommand();
        }
    }
    else
    {
        e.CancelCommand();
    }
}