C# – How to mock the controller context with moq


I am trying out the MOQ framework and up now I have hit a barrier. The following unit test fails because the actual value of the ViewName property is an empty string.

Could anyone point me in the right direction please as to why this is not passing the test?

public void Can_Navigate_To_About_Page()
    var request = new Mock<HttpRequestBase>();
    request.Setup(r => r.HttpMethod).Returns("GET");
    var mockHttpContext = new Mock<HttpContextBase>();
    mockHttpContext.Setup(c => c.Request).Returns(request.Object);

    var controllerContext = new ControllerContext(mockHttpContext.Object, 
                                new RouteData(), 
                                new Mock<ControllerBase>().Object);
    var controller = new HomeController();

    controller.ControllerContext = controllerContext;
    var result = controller.About() as ViewResult;

    Assert.AreEqual("About", result.ViewName);

The following also yields an empty ViewName.

        HomeController controller = new HomeController();
        ViewResult result = controller.About() as ViewResult;
        Assert.AreEqual("About", result.ViewName);

From examples on the web which demonstrate mocking and also good TTD I am just confused as to what other plumbing I need to make either of the above first unit test example work.



Best Solution

The reason the test is failing is because what decides the ViewName when you do not specify one explicitly is in the depths of the framework. More precisely in the view engine I believe. So to test this as it stands you would have to mock out a lot more of the request pipeline.

What I do, and would recommend, is to not rely on the defaults and specify the view explicitly:

return View("About");

Then the value will be there to test without mocking anything:

var controller = new HomeController();
var result = controller.About() as ViewResult;
Assert.AreEqual("About", result.ViewName);
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