C++ – How to pass function parameters to boost::thread_groups::create_thread()

boost-threadc++

I am new to Boost.Threads and am trying to understand how to pass function arguments to the boost::thread_groups::create_thread() function. After reading some tutorials and the boost documentations, I understand that it is possible to simply pass the arguments to this function but I can't get this method to work.

The other method I read about is to use functors to bind the parameters to my function but that would create copies of the arguments and I strictly require that const references be passed since the arguments will be big matrices(this I plan to do by using boost::cref(Matrix) once I get this simple example to work).

Now, let's get down to the code:

void printPower(float b, float e)
{
    cout<<b<<"\t"<<e<<"\t"<<pow(b,e)<<endl;
    boost::this_thread::yield();
    return;
}

void thr_main()
{
    boost::progress_timer timer;
    boost::thread_group threads;
    for (float e=0.; e<20.; e++)
    {
        float b=2.;
        threads.create_thread(&printPower,b,e);
    }
    threads.join_all();
    cout << "Threads Done" << endl;
}

This doesn't compile with the following error:

mt.cc: In function âvoid thr_main()â:
mt.cc:46: error: no matching function for call to âboost::thread_group::create_thread(void (*)(float, float), float&, float&)â
/usr/local/boost_1_44_0/include/boost/thread/detail/thread.hpp: In member function âvoid boost::detail::thread_data<F>::run() [with F = void (*)(float, float)]â:
mt.cc:55:   instantiated from here
/usr/local/boost_1_44_0/include/boost/thread/detail/thread.hpp:61: error: too few arguments to function

What am I doing wrong?

Best Solution

You can't pass arguments to boost::thread_group::create_thread() function, since it gets only one argument. You could use boost::bind:

threads.create_thread(boost::bind(printPower, boost::cref(b), boost::cref(e)));
#                                             ^ to avoid copying, as you wanted

Or, if you don't want to use boost::bind, you could use boost::thread_group::add_thread() like this:

threads.add_thread(new boost::thread(printPower, b, e));
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