C# – LINQ to Entities does not recognize the method ‘System.String ToString()’ method, and this method cannot be translated into a store expression

c++linqmysqlsql

I'm migrating some stuff from one mysql server to a sql server but i can't figure out how to make this code work:

using (var context = new Context())
{
    ...

    foreach (var item in collection)
    {
        IQueryable<entity> pages = from p in context.pages
                                   where  p.Serial == item.Key.ToString()
                                   select p;
        foreach (var page in pages)
        {
            DataManager.AddPageToDocument(page, item.Value);
        }
    }

    Console.WriteLine("Done!");
    Console.Read();
}

When it enters into the second foreach (var page in pages) it throws an exception saying:

LINQ to Entities does not recognize the method 'System.String
ToString()' method, and this method cannot be translated into a store
expression.

Anyone know why this happens?

Best Solution

Just save the string to a temp variable and then use that in your expression:

var strItem = item.Key.ToString();

IQueryable<entity> pages = from p in context.pages
                           where  p.Serial == strItem
                           select p;

The problem arises because ToString() isn't really executed, it is turned into a MethodGroup and then parsed and translated to SQL. Since there is no ToString() equivalent, the expression fails.

Note:

Make sure you also check out Alex's answer regarding the SqlFunctions helper class that was added later. In many cases it can eliminate the need for the temporary variable.