C# – Math with Enums (e.g. DayOfWeek) in C#

c++dayofweekenums

Why is it that the following code won't work:

endDate.AddDays(7-endDate.DayOfWeek);

While this will:

endDate.AddDays(0-endDate.DayOfWeek + 7);

?

(By "won't work" I mean results in the following compilation error: "cannot convert from 'System.DayOfWeek' to 'double'")

Best Solution

To expand upon what Lasse said (or rather, make it a little more explicit).

Because 0 is convertable to an Enum type,

0 - endDate.DayOfWeek becomes 
(DayOfWeek)0 - endDate.DayOfWeek

And since you can subtract one enum from another and get an integer difference:

(DayOfWeek)0 - endDate.DayOfWeek == (int)endDate.DayOfWeek

Thus, since the result of the subtraction is an int, you can then add 7 to it.

endDate.AddDays(0-endDate.DayOfWeek + 7);

So, if Monday's Enum value is 1

0 - endDate.DayOfWeek == -1 + 7 == 6

However, you can't do the reverse.

endDate.DayOfWeek - 0 + 7, 

because the result type of the calculation is dependant upon the leftmost side. Thus, while 0 - endDate.DayOfWeek results in an integer, endDate.DayOfWeek - 0 results in an enum DayOfWeek.

Most interestingly, you could use this side-effect to get the value of an enum without casting, though I would consider this hackish and confusing... thus to be avoided.

int enumValue = -(0 - endDate.DayOfWeek);