C# – Reading raw data via Bluetooth

.net32feetbluetoothc++

I have a digital Human Interface Device that I'm trying to connect to using 32feet.net so I can read input data from it and process an output in my application. I've never programmed with bluetooth before and am learning as I go.

I can connect my device to Windows 7 using the microsoft/broadcom stack no problem. I can also discover the device using 32feet.net but when I try to connect it I get an error. I made sure my stack was supported using BluetoothRadio.IsSupported Here is a code snippet:

 var client = new BluetoothClient();
 var dlg = new SelectBluetoothDeviceDialog();
 DialogResult result = dlg.ShowDialog(this);
 if (result != DialogResult.OK)
 {
     return;
 }
 BluetoothDeviceInfo device = dlg.SelectedDevice;
 BluetoothAddress addr = device.DeviceAddress;
 Console.WriteLine(device.DeviceName);
 Guid serviceClass = BluetoothService.HumanInterfaceDevice;
 client.Connect(new BluetoothEndPoint(addr, serviceClass));

The last line causes the following error:
A first chance exception of type 'System.Net.Sockets.SocketException' occurred in System.dll

I've tried some other methods as well with client.Connect. I've tried using DiscoverDevices to get a DeviceInfo array and manually choosing the device out of that array and connecting to it. I've tried setting the serviceClass as Empty because that is what shows up when I use DeviceInfo.ClassOfDevice.Service. I've been able to connect the device to windows using DeviceInfo.SetServiceState(BluetoothService.HumanInterfaceDevice, true) but not able to get a stream from it.

Even if I can get a data stream from the device after it's been connected in Windows, that would be fine. My goal here is simple to be able to read input from the device like a button press.

Best Solution

Try this:

var client = new BluetoothClient();
var dlg = new SelectBluetoothDeviceDialog();
DialogResult result = dlg.ShowDialog(this);
if (result != DialogResult.OK)
{
    return;
}
BluetoothDeviceInfo device = dlg.SelectedDevice;
BluetoothAddress addr = device.DeviceAddress;
Console.WriteLine(device.DeviceName);
BluetoothSecurity.PairRequest(addr, "Whatever pin");
device.SetServiceState(BluetoothService.HumanInterfaceDevice, true);
Thread.Sleep(100); // Just in case
if (device.InstalledServices.Length == 0)
{
    // I wouldn't know why it doesn't install the service
}
client.Connect(addr, BluetoothService.HumanInterfaceDevice);

I am no expert by any means, but for me:

  1. I need to pair the device if the device doesn't show in the Bluetooth devices. You just need to do this once with every new device you discover with the Bluetooth radio, or if you uninstall it, I do it every time anyway just in case a new device is selected.
  2. Start the service, once I do this the device will show that a serial port (in your case HID) is available under "Services" in the device's properties.
  3. Connect

In every stage something needs to happen:

  1. Make sure the device appears in "Bluetooth devices" in the "Control panel".
  2. Under the "Services" tab inside the device's "Properties" it should say "Human Interface" or something.
  3. That service should be ticked.

On another note, the exception that you get is really cryptic, but it just made me think if the device is not already connected to something. If you check "device.Connected" it must return false or you won't ever be able to connect.

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