Css – Apply CSS Style to child elements

csscss-selectors

I want to apply styles only to the table inside the DIV with a particular class:

Note: I'd rather use a css-selector for children elements.

Why does the #1 works and #2 doesn't?

1:

div.test th, div.test td, div.test caption {padding:40px 100px 40px 50px;}

2:

div.test th, td, caption {padding:40px 100px 40px 50px;}

HTML:

<html>
    <head>
        <style>
            div.test > th, td, caption {padding:40px 100px 40px 50px;}
        </style>
    </head>
    <body>
        <div>
            <table border="2">
                <tr><td>some</td></tr>
                <tr><td>data</td></tr>
                <tr><td>here</td></tr>
            </table>
        </div>
        <div class="test">
            <table  border="2">
                <tr><td>some</td></tr>
                <tr><td>data</td></tr>
                <tr><td>here</td></tr>
            </table>
        </div>
    </body>
</html>

What am I doing wrong?

Best Solution

This code "div.test th, td, caption {padding:40px 100px 40px 50px;}" applies a rule to all th elements which are contained by a div element with a class named test, in addition to all td elements and all caption elements.

It is not the same as "all td, th and caption elements which are contained by a div element with a class of test". To accomplish that you need to change your selectors:

'>' isn't fully supported by some older browsers (I'm looking at you, Internet Explorer).

div.test th,
div.test td,
div.test caption {
    padding: 40px 100px 40px 50px;
}