Getting double precision in fortran 90 using intel 11.1 compiler

doublefortranprecision

I have a very large code that sets up and iteratively solves a system of non-linear partial differential equation, written in fortran. I need all variables to be double precision. In the additional module that I have written for the code, I declare all variables as the double precision type, but my module still uses variables from the old source code that are declared as type real. So my question is, what happens when a single-precision variable is multiplied by a double precision variable in fortran? Is the result double precision if the variable used to store the value is declared as double precision? And what if a double precision value is multiplied by a constant without the "D0" at the end? Can I just set a compiler option in Intel 11.1 to make all real/double precision/constants of double precision?

Best Solution

So my question is, what happens when a single-precision variable is multiplied by a double precision variable in fortran? The single precision is promote to double precision and the operation is done in double precision.

Is the result double precision if the variable used to store the value is declared as double precision? Not necessarily. The right-hand side is an expression that doesn't "know" about the precision of the variable on the left hand side, in to which it will be stored. If you have Double = SingleA * SingleB (using names to indicate the types), the calculation will be performed in single precision, then converted to double for storage. This will NOT gain extra precision for the calculation!

And what if a double precision value is multiplied by a constant without the "D0" at the end? This is just like the first question, the constant will be promoted to double precision and the calculation done in double precision. However, the constant is still single precision and even if you wrote down many digits as for a double-precision constant, the internal storage is single precision and cannot represent that accuracy. For example, DoubleVar * 3.14159265359 will be calculated in double precision, but will be something approximating DoubleVar * 3.14159 done in double precision.

If you want to have the compiler retain many digits in a constant, you must specific the precision of a constant. The Fortran 90 way to do this is to define your own real type with whatever precision that you need, e.g., to require at least 14 decimal digits:

integer, parameter :: DoubleReal_K = selected_real_kind (14)
real (DoubleReal_K) :: A
A = 5.0_DoubleReal_K
A = A * 3.14159265359_DoubleReal_K
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