Html – How to dynamically resize HTML element according to it’s sibling size using CSS only

cssheighthtmlsizing

I have container with a fixed height.
Inside it there are two children: image and text of arbitrary length below it.
I want the text to take the height it needs and the image to auto-adjust to the remaining space.

Here is a start code I have:

http://jsfiddle.net/LLsT8/1/

<div id="parent">
<div>
    <img src="http://placehold.it/250x250&amp;text=2" />
</div>
<div>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut </div>
</div>

Here is the JavaScript solution, but I'm wondering whether it can be CSS-only.

http://jsfiddle.net/LLsT8/2/

Update:
bfuoco's solution is very close to what I need, but it doesn't work in Firefox.

http://jsfiddle.net/8S6Kf/1/

Best Solution

I would suggest using the table and table-row values of the display property for this.

The image-wrapper and text elements are both table rows, and so expand to fill the total area of the table. The image-wrapper is set to height 100%, so it consumes the left over space.

The image element is nested within the image-wrapper and is set to width/height 100%, so it takes on the same dimensions as its parent.

Here is a fiddle: http://jsfiddle.net/8S6Kf/1/

HTML

<div class="parent">
    <div class="image-wrapper">
        <img class="image" src="http://placehold.it/250x250&amp;text=2" />
    </div>

    <div class="text">
        A line of text.
    </div>
</div>

CSS

.parent {
    display: table;
    height: 250px;
    width: 250px;
}

.image-wrapper {
    display: table-row;
    height: 100%;
}

.image {
    width: 100%;
    height: 100%;
}

.text {
    display: table-row;
}

Update

This doesn't work on FF/IE. For this particular problem, you can replace the actual image with a div and use the background-image property. Note you also have to make the image a table-cell; or else ie won't render the table.

Here is an example that does not stretch the image.

http://jsfiddle.net/8S6Kf/7/

HTML

<div class="image"></div>

CSS

.image {
    display: table-cell;
    height: 100%;
    width: auto;

    background-image: url(http://placehold.it/250x250&amp);
    background-size: 100% 100%;
}

If you want to preserve the dimensions of the image, you can alternatively use these background properties:

background-size: contain;
background-repeat: no-repeat;