Html – Using relative URL in CSS file, what location is it relative to

csshtml

When defining something like a background image URL in a CSS file, when using a relative URL, where is it relative to? For example:

Suppose the file /stylesheets/base-styles.css contains:

div#header { 
    background-image: url('images/header-background.jpg');
}

If I include this style-sheet into different documents via <link ... /> will the relative URL in the CSS file be relative to the stylesheet document in /stylesheets/ or relative to the current document it's included to? Possible paths like:

/item/details.html
/about/index.html
/about/extra/other.html
/index.html

Best Solution

According to W3:

Partial URLs are interpreted relative to the source of the style sheet, not relative to the document

Therefore, in answer to your question, it will be relative to /stylesheets/.

If you think about this, this makes sense, since the CSS file could be added to pages in different directories, so standardising it to the CSS file means that the URLs will work wherever the stylesheets are linked.