Ios – UIImage: Resize, then Crop

core-graphicsimage-processingiosiphone

I've been bashing my face into this one for literally days now and even though I feel constantly that I am right on the edge of revelation, I simply cannot achieve my goal.

I thought, ahead of time in the conceptual phases of my design, that it would be a trivial matter to grab a image from the iPhone's camera or library, scale it down to a specified height, using a function equivalent to the Aspect Fill option of UIImageView (entirely in code), and then crop off anything that did not fit within a passed CGRect.

Getting the original image from camera or library, was trivial. I am shocked at how difficult the other two steps have proved to be.

The attached image shows what I am trying to achieve. Would someone please be kind enough to hold my hand? Every code example I have found so far seems to smash the image, be upside down, look like crap, draw out of bounds, or otherwise just not work correctly.

Best Solution

I needed the same thing - in my case, to pick the dimension that fits once scaled, and then crop each end to fit the rest to the width. (I'm working in landscape, so might not have noticed any deficiencies in portrait mode.) Here's my code - it's part of a categeory on UIImage. Target size in my code is always set to the full screen size of the device.

@implementation UIImage (Extras)

#pragma mark -
#pragma mark Scale and crop image

- (UIImage*)imageByScalingAndCroppingForSize:(CGSize)targetSize
{
    UIImage *sourceImage = self;
    UIImage *newImage = nil;    
    CGSize imageSize = sourceImage.size;
    CGFloat width = imageSize.width;
    CGFloat height = imageSize.height;
    CGFloat targetWidth = targetSize.width;
    CGFloat targetHeight = targetSize.height;
    CGFloat scaleFactor = 0.0;
    CGFloat scaledWidth = targetWidth;
    CGFloat scaledHeight = targetHeight;
    CGPoint thumbnailPoint = CGPointMake(0.0,0.0);

    if (CGSizeEqualToSize(imageSize, targetSize) == NO) 
    {
        CGFloat widthFactor = targetWidth / width;
        CGFloat heightFactor = targetHeight / height;

        if (widthFactor > heightFactor) 
        {
            scaleFactor = widthFactor; // scale to fit height
        }
        else
        {
            scaleFactor = heightFactor; // scale to fit width
        }

        scaledWidth  = width * scaleFactor;
        scaledHeight = height * scaleFactor;

        // center the image
        if (widthFactor > heightFactor)
        {
            thumbnailPoint.y = (targetHeight - scaledHeight) * 0.5; 
        }
        else
        {
            if (widthFactor < heightFactor)
            {
                thumbnailPoint.x = (targetWidth - scaledWidth) * 0.5;
            }
        }
    }   

    UIGraphicsBeginImageContext(targetSize); // this will crop

    CGRect thumbnailRect = CGRectZero;
    thumbnailRect.origin = thumbnailPoint;
    thumbnailRect.size.width  = scaledWidth;
    thumbnailRect.size.height = scaledHeight;

    [sourceImage drawInRect:thumbnailRect];

    newImage = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();

    if(newImage == nil)
    {
        NSLog(@"could not scale image");
    }

    //pop the context to get back to the default
    UIGraphicsEndImageContext();

    return newImage;
}