Java – ACTIVEMQ- publisher subscriber hello world example

activemqjavajmsjmstemplate

There are two programs: subscriber and publisher…
Subscriber is able to put the message onto the topic and the message is sent successfully.
When I check the activemq server on my browser it shows 1 msg enqueued . But when I run the consumer code, it is not receiving the message

Here is the producer code:

import javax.jms.*;

import org.apache.activemq.ActiveMQConnection;
import org.apache.activemq.ActiveMQConnectionFactory;

public class producer {

    private static String url = ActiveMQConnection.DEFAULT_BROKER_URL;

    public static void main(String[] args) throws JMSException {

        ConnectionFactory connectionFactory = new ActiveMQConnectionFactory(url);
        Connection connection = connectionFactory.createConnection();
        connection.start();

        // JMS messages are sent and received using a Session. We will
        // create here a non-transactional session object. If you want
        // to use transactions you should set the first parameter to 'true'
        Session session = connection.createSession(false,
                Session.AUTO_ACKNOWLEDGE);

        Topic topic = session.createTopic("testt");

        MessageProducer producer = session.createProducer(topic);

        // We will send a small text message saying 'Hello'

        TextMessage message = session.createTextMessage();

        message.setText("HELLO JMS WORLD");
        // Here we are sending the message!
        producer.send(message);
        System.out.println("Sent message '" + message.getText() + "'");

        connection.close();
    }
}

After I run this code the output at the console is:

26 Jan, 2012 2:30:04 PM org.apache.activemq.transport.failover.FailoverTransport doReconnect
INFO: Successfully connected to tcp://localhost:61616
Sent message 'HELLO JMS WORLD'

And here is the consumer code:

import javax.jms.*;

import org.apache.activemq.ActiveMQConnection;
import org.apache.activemq.ActiveMQConnectionFactory;

public class consumer {
    // URL of the JMS server
    private static String url = ActiveMQConnection.DEFAULT_BROKER_URL;

    // Name of the topic from which we will receive messages from = " testt"

    public static void main(String[] args) throws JMSException {
        // Getting JMS connection from the server

        ConnectionFactory connectionFactory = new ActiveMQConnectionFactory(url);
        Connection connection = connectionFactory.createConnection();
        connection.start();

        Session session = connection.createSession(false,
                Session.AUTO_ACKNOWLEDGE);

        Topic topic = session.createTopic("testt");

        MessageConsumer consumer = session.createConsumer(topic);

        MessageListener listner = new MessageListener() {
            public void onMessage(Message message) {
                try {
                    if (message instanceof TextMessage) {
                        TextMessage textMessage = (TextMessage) message;
                        System.out.println("Received message"
                                + textMessage.getText() + "'");
                    }
                } catch (JMSException e) {
                    System.out.println("Caught:" + e);
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        };

        consumer.setMessageListener(listner);
        connection.close();

    }
}    

After I run this code it doesnt show anything.
Can someone help to me to overcome this problem?

Best Solution

Your issue is that your consumer is running and then shutting down immediately.

Try adding this into your consumer:

    consumer.setMessageListener(listner);

    try {
        System.in.read();
    } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }

    connection.close();

This will wait until you hit a key before stopping.

Other things to consider:

  • Use a finally block for the close
  • Java naming conventions encourage using uppercase for the first letter of a class
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