Java – How to serialize an object into a string

javaserialization

I am able to serialize an object into a file and then restore it again as is shown in the next code snippet. I would like to serialize the object into a string and store into a database instead. Can anyone help me?

LinkedList<Diff_match_patch.Patch> patches = // whatever...
FileOutputStream fileStream = new FileOutputStream("foo.ser");
ObjectOutputStream os = new ObjectOutputStream(fileStream);
os.writeObject(patches1);
os.close();

FileInputStream fileInputStream = new FileInputStream("foo.ser");
ObjectInputStream oInputStream = new ObjectInputStream(fileInputStream);
Object one = oInputStream.readObject();
LinkedList<Diff_match_patch.Patch> patches3 = (LinkedList<Diff_match_patch.Patch>) one;
os.close();

Best Solution

Sergio:

You should use BLOB. It is pretty straighforward with JDBC.

The problem with the second code you posted is the encoding. You should additionally encode the bytes to make sure none of them fails.

If you still want to write it down into a String you can encode the bytes using java.util.Base64.

Still you should use CLOB as data type because you don't know how long the serialized data is going to be.

Here is a sample of how to use it.

import java.util.*;
import java.io.*;

/** 
 * Usage sample serializing SomeClass instance 
 */
public class ToStringSample {

    public static void main( String [] args )  throws IOException,
                                                      ClassNotFoundException {
        String string = toString( new SomeClass() );
        System.out.println(" Encoded serialized version " );
        System.out.println( string );
        SomeClass some = ( SomeClass ) fromString( string );
        System.out.println( "\n\nReconstituted object");
        System.out.println( some );


    }

    /** Read the object from Base64 string. */
   private static Object fromString( String s ) throws IOException ,
                                                       ClassNotFoundException {
        byte [] data = Base64.getDecoder().decode( s );
        ObjectInputStream ois = new ObjectInputStream( 
                                        new ByteArrayInputStream(  data ) );
        Object o  = ois.readObject();
        ois.close();
        return o;
   }

    /** Write the object to a Base64 string. */
    private static String toString( Serializable o ) throws IOException {
        ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        ObjectOutputStream oos = new ObjectOutputStream( baos );
        oos.writeObject( o );
        oos.close();
        return Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString(baos.toByteArray()); 
    }
}

/** Test subject. A very simple class. */ 
class SomeClass implements Serializable {

    private final static long serialVersionUID = 1; // See Nick's comment below

    int i    = Integer.MAX_VALUE;
    String s = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOP";
    Double d = new Double( -1.0 );
    public String toString(){
        return  "SomeClass instance says: Don't worry, " 
              + "I'm healthy. Look, my data is i = " + i  
              + ", s = " + s + ", d = " + d;
    }
}

Output:

C:\samples>javac *.java

C:\samples>java ToStringSample
Encoded serialized version
rO0ABXNyAAlTb21lQ2xhc3MAAAAAAAAAAQIAA0kAAWlMAAFkdAASTGphdmEvbGFuZy9Eb3VibGU7T
AABc3QAEkxqYXZhL2xhbmcvU3RyaW5nO3hwf////3NyABBqYXZhLmxhbmcuRG91YmxlgLPCSilr+w
QCAAFEAAV2YWx1ZXhyABBqYXZhLmxhbmcuTnVtYmVyhqyVHQuU4IsCAAB4cL/wAAAAAAAAdAAQQUJ
DREVGR0hJSktMTU5PUA==


Reconstituted object
SomeClass instance says: Don't worry, I'm healthy. Look, my data is i = 2147483647, s = ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOP, d = -1.0

NOTE: for Java 7 and earlier you can see the original answer here