Java – Multiple SLF4J bindings cause error

dependenciesjavamavenslf4j

I have a problem with my dependency tree and multiple SLF4J binding. What I found out so far is that usually this only causes a warning but in my case it seems to prevent my program from running:
These are the exceptions I get:

SLF4J: Class path contains multiple SLF4J bindings.
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/C:/Users/FischerNi/.m2/repository/org/slf4j/slf4j-jdk14/1.5.3/slf4j-jdk14-1.5.3.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/C:/Users/FischerNi/.m2/repository/org/slf4j/slf4j-log4j12/1.6.1/slf4j-log4j12-1.6.1.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: See http://www.slf4j.org/codes.html#multiple_bindings for an explanation.
SLF4J: slf4j-api 1.6.x (or later) is incompatible with this binding.
SLF4J: Your binding is version 1.5.5 or earlier.
SLF4J: Upgrade your binding to version 1.6.x. or 2.0.x
Exception in thread "main" java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: org.slf4j.impl.StaticLoggerBinder.getSingleton()Lorg/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder;

and this is the relevant piece of my dependencies:

net.lightbody.bmp
browsermob-proxy
2.0-beta-8

    <!-- LOGGING DEPENDENCIES - LOG4J -->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
        <artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
        <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
    </dependency>

Can somebody please tell me how to resolve this issue?

Best Solution

There are couple of solutions to this:

  • Make sure that you include only one slf4j jar(probably with the higher version) if you have couple of them with different versions on your class path.
  • Sometimes it may not be possible to exclude multiple slf4j jars, as they may be used by other jars internally, which are on your class path. These dependent jar may refer to different versions of slf4j jars which causes your application to fail. In such cases, make sure that you have the jar with higher version of SLF4j added before other jar using SLF4J jars. This will make sure that your java program will pick up the latest version of the SLF4J which obviously is backward compatible.
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