Java – Persistence.xml and OSGi (Equinox)


I am currently testing out using OSGi. I am running this through Eclipse. I want to have my DAO layer as part of an OSGi solution, but my first stumbling block is this error:

Jun 29, 2009 6:12:37 PM org.hibernate.cfg.annotations.Version <clinit>
INFO: Hibernate Annotations 3.3.0.GA
Jun 29, 2009 6:12:37 PM org.hibernate.ejb.Version <clinit>
INFO: Hibernate EntityManager 3.3.0.GA
Jun 29, 2009 6:12:37 PM org.hibernate.ejb.Ejb3Configuration configure
INFO: Could not find any META-INF/persistence.xml file in the classpath

I have tried putting the persistence.xml file in a lot of different places, to no avail. Any ideas on what I am doing wrong?

Is there a way to manually load the persistence.xml?

The activator looks like this:

package com.activator;

public class PersistenceActivator implements BundleActivator {

    public void start(BundleContext arg0) throws Exception {

        EntityManagerFactory emf = Persistence
        EntityManager em = emf.createEntityManager();

        SimpleDaoImpl dao = new SimpleDaoImpl();


    public void stop(BundleContext arg0) throws Exception {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub



Here is what my directory structure looks like:

alt text

Here is my Manifest.MF

Manifest-Version: 1.0
Bundle-ManifestVersion: 2
Bundle-Name: Dao Plug-in
Bundle-SymbolicName: Dao
Bundle-Version: 1.0.0
Bundle-RequiredExecutionEnvironment: JavaSE-1.6
Import-Package: org.osgi.framework;version="1.4.0"
Bundle-Activator: com.activator.PersistenceActivator
Export-Package: com.dao.service
Require-Bundle: HibernateBundle;bundle-version="1.0.0"

HibernateBundle contains all of the Hibernate and Persistence Jars.

Here is my Persistence.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>


    <!-- Sample persistence using PostgreSQL. See postgres.txt. -->
    <persistence-unit name="postgres" transaction-type="RESOURCE_LOCAL">


            <property name="hibernate.archive.autodetection" value="class" />

                Comment out if schema exists & you don't want the tables dropped.
            <property name="" value="create-drop" /> <!-- drop/create tables @startup, drop tables @shutdown -->

            <!-- Database Connection Settings -->
            <property name="hibernate.connection.autocommit">true</property>
            <property name="hibernate.connection.driver_class" value="org.postgresql.Driver" />
            <property name="hibernate.dialect" value="org.hibernate.dialect.PostgreSQLDialect" />
            <property name="hibernate.connection.username" value="postgres" />
            <property name="hibernate.connection.password" value="postgres" />
            <property name="hibernate.connection.url" value="jdbc:postgresql://localhost:5432/test" />

            <!-- Not sure about these...  -->
            <property name="hibernate.max_fetch_depth">16</property>
            <property name="hibernate.jdbc.batch_size">1000</property>
            <property name="hibernate.use_outer_join">true</property>
            <property name="hibernate.default_batch_fetch_size">500</property>

            <!-- Hibernate Query Language (HQL) parser. -->
            <property name="hibernate.query.factory_class">

            <!-- Echo all executed SQL to stdout -->
            <property name="hibernate.show_sql">true</property>
            <property name="hibernate.format_sql">false</property>

            <!-- Use c3p0 for the JDBC connection pool -->
            <property name="hibernate.c3p0.min_size">3</property>
            <property name="hibernate.c3p0.max_size">100</property>
            <property name="hibernate.c3p0.max_statements">100</property>

            <property name="hibernate.cache.provider_class" value="org.hibernate.cache.HashtableCacheProvider" />



Things I have tried in the Manifest's Classpath with no luck:

Bundle-ClassPath: ., META-INF/persistence.xml

Bundle-ClassPath: ., ../META-INF/persistence.xml

Bundle-ClassPath: ., /META-INF/persistence.xml

Bundle-ClassPath: ., ./META-INF/persistence.xml

Bundle-ClassPath: ., META-INF

Bundle-ClassPath: ., ../META-INF

Bundle-ClassPath: ., /META-INF

Bundle-ClassPath: ., ./META-INF

Bundle-ClassPath: ., C:\Workspaces\OSGiJPA\Dao\META-INF\persistence.xml

Bundle-ClassPath: ., C:\Workspaces\OSGiJPA\Dao\META-INF

Best Solution

Use EclipseLink and forget about Hibernate and other implementations, because :

  • You'll have to play with the classloader too much... Thread.currentThread().setContextClassLoader(...)

  • You'll be tempted to set the bundle-classpath attribute and add dependencies manually instead of installing jar bundles.

  • You'll get provider not found errors or you might not be able to find persistence.xml

All the above efforts might not work after many attempts.

However, with EclipseLink it's a no brainer, the implementation was designed to work out of the box in an OSGI environment and there aren't any class loading headaches.