Java – programmatically import .cer certificate into keystore

javakey-managementkeystorepkcs#12

How can I import a .p12 certificate from the classpath into the java keystore? First I used the InstallCert https://code.google.com/p/java-use-examples/source/browse/trunk/src/com/aw/ad/util/InstallCert.java and did some changes so the server certificate will be imported into the keystore in the java install directory. This works fine but now I want to load a certificate from my classpath.

EDIT: I just use a .cer certificate, see next answer

Best Solution

The answer:

InputStream certIn = ClassLoader.class.getResourceAsStream("/package/myCert.cer");

final char sep = File.separatorChar;
File dir = new File(System.getProperty("java.home") + sep + "lib" + sep + "security");
File file = new File(dir, "cacerts");
InputStream localCertIn = new FileInputStream(file);

KeyStore keystore = KeyStore.getInstance(KeyStore.getDefaultType());
keystore.load(localCertIn, passphrase);
if (keystore.containsAlias("myAlias")) {
    certIn.close();
    localCertIn.close();
    return;
}
localCertIn.close();

BufferedInputStream bis = new BufferedInputStream(certIn);
CertificateFactory cf = CertificateFactory.getInstance("X.509");
while (bis.available() > 0) {
    Certificate cert = cf.generateCertificate(bis);
    keystore.setCertificateEntry("myAlias", cert);
}

certIn.close();

OutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(file);
keystore.store(out, passphrase);
out.close();

For Java Web Start don't use the ClassLoader, use the Class itself:

InputStream certIn = Certificates.class.getResourceAsStream("/package/myCert.cer");