Java – Remove multiple keys from Map in efficient way

dictionaryjava

I have a Map<String,String> with large number of key values pairs. Now I want to remove selected keys from that Map. Following code shows what I did to achieve that.

Set keySet = new HashSet(); //I added keys to keySet which I want to remove. 

Then :

Iterator entriesIterator = keySet.iterator();
while (entriesIterator.hasNext()) {
   map.remove( entriesIterator.next().toString());
} 

This is working fine. What would be the better approach?

Best Solution

Assuming your set contains the strings you want to remove, you can use the keySet method and map.keySet().removeAll(keySet);.

keySet returns a Set view of the keys contained in this map. The set is backed by the map, so changes to the map are reflected in the set, and vice-versa.

Contrived example:

Map<String, String> map = new HashMap<>();
map.put("a", "");
map.put("b", "");
map.put("c", "");

Set<String> set = new HashSet<> ();
set.add("a");
set.add("b");

map.keySet().removeAll(set);

System.out.println(map); //only contains "c"