Java – Spring JPA and persistence.xml

javajpaspring

I'm trying to set up a Spring JPA Hibernate simple example WAR for deployment to Glassfish.
I see some examples use a persistence.xml file, and other examples do not.
Some examples use a dataSource, and some do not. So far my understanding is that a dataSource is not needed if I have:

<persistence-unit name="educationPU"
    transaction-type="JTA">
    <provider>org.hibernate.ejb.HibernatePersistence</provider>
    <class>com.coe.jpa.StudentProfile</class>
    <properties>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.driver_class"
            value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver" />
        <property name="hibernate.connection.url"
            value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/COE" />
        <property name="hibernate.connection.username" value="root" />
        <property name="show_sql" value="true" />
        <property name="dialect" value="org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect" />
    </properties>
</persistence-unit>

I can deploy fine, but my EntityManager is not getting injected by Spring.

My applicationContext.xml:

<bean id="entityManagerFactory" class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.LocalEntityManagerFactoryBean">
    <property name="persistenceUnitName" value="educationPU" />
</bean>

<bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.JpaTransactionManager">
    <property name="entityManagerFactory" ref="entityManagerFactory" />
</bean>

<bean class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.support.PersistenceAnnotationBeanPostProcessor" />

<tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="transactionManager" />

<bean id="StudentProfileDAO" class="com.coe.jpa.StudentProfileDAO">
    <property name="entityManagerFactory" ref="entityManagerFactory" />
</bean>

<bean id="studentService" class="com.coe.services.StudentService">
</bean>

My class with the EntityManager:

public class StudentService {
private String  saveMessage;
private String  showModal;
private String modalHeader;
private StudentProfile studentProfile;
private String lastName;
private String firstName;

@PersistenceContext(unitName="educationPU")
private EntityManager em;

@Transactional
public String save()
{
    System.out.println("*** em: " + this.em); //em is null
    this.studentProfile= new StudentProfile();
    this.saveMessage = "saved";
    this.showModal = "true";
    this.modalHeader= "Information Saved";
    return "successs";
}

My web.xml:

  <listener>
<listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>

Are there any pieces I am missing to have Spring inject "em" in to StudentService?

Best Solution

Just to confirm though you probably did...

Did you include the

<!--  tell spring to use annotation based congfigurations -->
<context:annotation-config />
<!--  tell spring where to find the beans -->
<context:component-scan base-package="zz.yy.abcd" />

bits in your application context.xml?

Also I'm not so sure you'd be able to use a jta transaction type with this kind of setup? Wouldn't that require a data source managed connection pool? So try RESOURCE_LOCAL instead.