Java – The APR based Apache Tomcat Native library was not found on the java.library.path

eclipsejavaservletstomcat

I'm newly at server development and have been started from easy tutorial by
Lars Vogel.
Servlet and JSP development with Eclipse WTP .

Step by step accord this tutorial:

  • installed Eclipse Java EE Kepler;
  • installed tomcat 7 on Ubuntu 12.04 – http://localhost:8080/ shows correct tomcat page;
  • Setting up tomcat runtime environments into eclipse;
  • added tomcat server to eclipse;
  • create DAO;
  • created the Servlet;
  • run =>

And here I caught next prompt:

Sep 15, 2013 3:40:39 PM org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener init
INFO: The APR based Apache Tomcat Native library which allows optimal performance in production environments was not found on the java.library.path: /usr/java/packages/lib/amd64:/usr/lib64:/lib64:/lib:/usr/lib
Sep 15, 2013 3:40:42 PM org.apache.tomcat.util.digester.SetPropertiesRule begin
WARNING: [SetPropertiesRule]{Server/Service/Engine/Host/Context} Setting property 'source' to 'org.eclipse.jst.jee.server:com.filecounter' did not find a matching property.
Sep 15, 2013 3:40:43 PM org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol init
INFO: Initializing ProtocolHandler ["http-bio-8080"]
Sep 15, 2013 3:40:43 PM org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol init
INFO: Initializing ProtocolHandler ["ajp-bio-8009"]
Sep 15, 2013 3:40:43 PM org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina load
INFO: Initialization processed in 5203 ms
Sep 15, 2013 3:40:43 PM org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService startInternal
INFO: Starting service Catalina
Sep 15, 2013 3:40:43 PM org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine startInternal
INFO: Starting Servlet Engine: Apache Tomcat/7.0.42
Sep 15, 2013 3:40:45 PM org.apache.catalina.util.SessionIdGenerator createSecureRandom
INFO: Creation of SecureRandom instance for session ID generation using [SHA1PRNG] took [171] milliseconds.
Sep 15, 2013 3:40:46 PM org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol start
INFO: Starting ProtocolHandler ["http-bio-8080"]
Sep 15, 2013 3:40:46 PM org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol start
INFO: Starting ProtocolHandler ["ajp-bio-8009"]
Sep 15, 2013 3:40:46 PM org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina start
INFO: Server startup in 2882 ms

Here is content of tomcat/lib folder:

nazar_art@nazar-desctop:/usr/local/tomcat/apache-tomcat-7.0.42/lib$ ls -lg
total 6132
-rwxrwxrwx 1 nazar_art   15264 Jul  2 10:59 annotations-api.jar
-rwxrwxrwx 1 nazar_art   54142 Jul  2 10:59 catalina-ant.jar
-rwxrwxrwx 1 nazar_art  134215 Jul  2 10:59 catalina-ha.jar
-rwxrwxrwx 1 nazar_art 1581311 Jul  2 10:59 catalina.jar
-rwxrwxrwx 1 nazar_art  257520 Jul  2 10:59 catalina-tribes.jar
-rwxrwxrwx 1 nazar_art 1801636 Jul  2 10:59 ecj-4.2.2.jar
-rwxrwxrwx 1 nazar_art   46085 Jul  2 10:59 el-api.jar
-rwxrwxrwx 1 nazar_art  123241 Jul  2 10:59 jasper-el.jar
-rwxrwxrwx 1 nazar_art  599428 Jul  2 10:59 jasper.jar
-rwxrwxrwx 1 nazar_art   88690 Jul  2 10:59 jsp-api.jar
-rwxrwxrwx 1 nazar_art  177598 Jul  2 10:59 servlet-api.jar
-rwxrwxrwx 1 nazar_art    6873 Jul  2 10:59 tomcat-api.jar
-rwxrwxrwx 1 nazar_art  796527 Jul  2 10:59 tomcat-coyote.jar
-rwxrwxrwx 1 nazar_art  235411 Jul  2 10:59 tomcat-dbcp.jar
-rwxrwxrwx 1 nazar_art   77364 Jul  2 10:59 tomcat-i18n-es.jar
-rwxrwxrwx 1 nazar_art   48693 Jul  2 10:59 tomcat-i18n-fr.jar
-rwxrwxrwx 1 nazar_art   51678 Jul  2 10:59 tomcat-i18n-ja.jar
-rwxrwxrwx 1 nazar_art  124006 Jul  2 10:59 tomcat-jdbc.jar
-rwxrwxrwx 1 nazar_art   23201 Jul  2 10:59 tomcat-util.jar

Here is content of catalina.2013-09-15.log.

Update:

Here is tutorial:
Installing Apache Tomcat Native on Linux Ubuntu 12.04

Update2:

Here is content of Data Access Object:

public class FileDao {

  public int getCount() {
    int count = 0;
    // Load the file with the counter
    FileReader fileReader = null;
    BufferedReader bufferedReader = null;
    PrintWriter writer = null ; 
    try {
      File f = new File("FileCounter.initial");
      if (!f.exists()) {
        f.createNewFile();
        writer = new PrintWriter(new FileWriter(f));
        writer.println(0);
      }
      if (writer !=null){
        writer.close();
      }

      fileReader = new FileReader(f);
      bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(fileReader);
      String initial = bufferedReader.readLine();
      count = Integer.parseInt(initial);
    } catch (Exception ex) {
      if (writer !=null){
        writer.close();
      }
    }
    if (bufferedReader != null) {
      try {
        bufferedReader.close();
      } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
      }
    }
    return count;
  }

  public void save(int count) throws Exception {
    FileWriter fileWriter = null;
    PrintWriter printWriter = null;
    fileWriter = new FileWriter("FileCounter.initial");
    printWriter = new PrintWriter(fileWriter);
    printWriter.println(count);

    // Make sure to close the file
    if (printWriter != null) {
      printWriter.close();
    }
  }

} 

And here Servlet code:

public class FileCounter extends HttpServlet {
  private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

  int count;
  private FileDao dao;

  public void init() throws ServletException {
    dao = new FileDao();
    try {
      count = dao.getCount();
    } catch (Exception e) {
      getServletContext().log("An exception occurred in FileCounter", e);
      throw new ServletException("An exception occurred in FileCounter"
          + e.getMessage());
    }
  }

  protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest request,
      HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
    // Set a cookie for the user, so that the counter does not increate
    // every time the user press refresh
    HttpSession session = request.getSession(true);
    // Set the session valid for 5 secs
    session.setMaxInactiveInterval(5);
    response.setContentType("text/plain");
    PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();
    if (session.isNew()) {
      count++;
    }
    out.println("This site has been accessed " + count + " times.");
  }

  public void destroy() {
    super.destroy();
    try {
      dao.save(count);
    } catch (Exception e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
  }

} 

I haven't had web.xml yet.

How to solve this trouble?

Best Solution

not found on the java.library.path: /usr/java/packages/lib/amd64:/usr/lib64:/lib64:/lib:/usr/lib

The native lib is expected in one of the following locations

/usr/java/packages/lib/amd64
/usr/lib64
/lib64
/lib
/usr/lib

and not in

tomcat/lib

The files in tomcat/lib are all jar file and are added by tomcat to the classpath so that they are available to your application.

The native lib is needed by tomcat to perform better on the platform it is installed on and thus cannot be a jar, for linux it could be a .so file, for windows it could be a .dll file.

Just download the native library for your platform and place it in the one of the locations tomcat is expecting it to be.

Note that you are not required to have this lib for development/test purposes. Tomcat runs just fine without it.

org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina start INFO: Server startup in 2882 ms

EDIT

The output you are getting is very normal, it's just some logging outputs from tomcat, the line right above indicates that the server correctly started and is ready for operating.

If you are troubling with running your servlet then after the run on sever command eclipse opens a browser window (embeded (default) or external, depends on your config). If nothing shows on the browser, then check the url bar of the browser to see whether your servlet was requested or not.

It should be something like that

http://localhost:8080/<your-context-name>/<your-servlet-name>

EDIT 2

Try to call your servlet using the following url

http://localhost:8080/com.filecounter/FileCounter

Also each web project has a web.xml, you can find it in your project under WebContent\WEB-INF.

It is better to configure your servlets there using servlet-name servlet-class and url-mapping. It could look like that:

  <servlet>
    <description></description>
    <display-name>File counter - My first servlet</display-name>
    <servlet-name>file_counter</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>com.filecounter.FileCounter</servlet-class>
  </servlet>

  <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>file_counter</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>/FileFounter</url-pattern>
  </servlet-mapping>

In eclipse dynamic web project the default context name is the same as your project name.

http://localhost:8080/<your-context-name>/FileCounter

will work too.

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