Java – the difference between public, protected, package-private and private in Java

access-modifiersjavaprivateprotectedpublic

In Java, are there clear rules on when to use each of access modifiers, namely the default (package private), public, protected and private, while making class and interface and dealing with inheritance?

Best Solution

The official tutorial may be of some use to you.


Class Package Subclass
(same pkg)
Subclass
(diff pkg)
World
public + + + + +
protected + + + +
no modifier + + +
private +

+ : accessible
blank : not accessible