Java – UseConcMarkSweepGC vs UseParallelGC


I'm currently having problems with very long garbage collection times. please see the followig. My current setup is that I'm using a -Xms1g and -Xmx3g. my application is using java 1.4.2. I don't have any garbage collection flags set. by the looks of it, 3gb is not enough and I really have a lot of objects to garbage collect.


should I change my garbage collection algorithm?
what should i use? is it better to use -XX:+UseParallelGC or -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC

or should i use this combination

-XX:+UseParNewGC -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC

the ones occupying the memory are largely reports data and not cache data. also, the machine has 16gb memory and I plan to increase the heap to 8gb.

What are the difference between the two options as I still find it hard to understand.
the machine has multiple processors. I can take hits of up to 5 seconds but 30 to 70 seconds is really hard.

Thanks for the help.

  Line 151493: [14/Jan/2012:11:47:48] WARNING ( 8710): CORE3283: stderr: [GC 1632936K->1020739K(2050552K), 1.2462436 secs]
    Line 157710: [14/Jan/2012:11:53:38] WARNING ( 8710): CORE3283: stderr: [GC 1670531K->1058755K(2050552K), 1.1555375 secs]
    Line 163840: [14/Jan/2012:12:00:42] WARNING ( 8710): CORE3283: stderr: [GC 1708547K->1097282K(2050552K), 1.1503118 secs]
    Line 169811: [14/Jan/2012:12:08:02] WARNING ( 8710): CORE3283: stderr: [GC 1747074K->1133764K(2050552K), 1.1017273 secs]
    Line 175879: [14/Jan/2012:12:14:18] WARNING ( 8710): CORE3283: stderr: [GC 1783556K->1173103K(2050552K), 1.2060946 secs]
    Line 176606: [14/Jan/2012:12:15:42] WARNING ( 8710): CORE3283: stderr: [Full GC 1265571K->1124875K(2050552K), 25.0670316 secs]
    Line 184755: [14/Jan/2012:12:25:53] WARNING ( 8710): CORE3283: stderr: [GC 2007435K->1176457K(2784880K), 1.2483770 secs]
    Line 193087: [14/Jan/2012:12:37:09] WARNING ( 8710): CORE3283: stderr: [GC 2059017K->1224285K(2784880K), 1.4739291 secs]
    Line 201377: [14/Jan/2012:12:51:08] WARNING ( 8710): CORE3283: stderr: [Full GC 2106845K->1215242K(2784880K), 30.4016208 secs]

xaa:1: [11/Oct/2011:16:00:28] WARNING (17125): CORE3283: stderr: [Full GC 3114936K->2985477K(3114944K), 53.0468651 secs] --> garbage collection occurring too often as noticed in the time. garbage being collected is quite low and if you would notice is quite close the the heap size. during the 53 seconds, this is equivalent to a pause.
xaa:2087: [11/Oct/2011:16:01:35] WARNING (17125): CORE3283: stderr: [Full GC 3114943K->2991338K(3114944K), 58.3776291 secs]
xaa:3897: [11/Oct/2011:16:02:33] WARNING (17125): CORE3283: stderr: [Full GC 3114940K->2997077K(3114944K), 55.3197974 secs]
xaa:5597: [11/Oct/2011:16:03:00] WARNING (17125): CORE3283: stderr: [Full GC[Unloading class sun.reflect.GeneratedConstructorAccessor119]
xaa:7936: [11/Oct/2011:16:04:36] WARNING (17125): CORE3283: stderr: [Full GC 3114938K->3004947K(3114944K), 55.5269911 secs]
xaa:9070: [11/Oct/2011:16:05:53] WARNING (17125): CORE3283: stderr: [Full GC 3114937K->3012793K(3114944K), 70.6993328 secs]

Best Solution

Since you have extremenly long GC pauses, it's don't think that changing GC algorithm would help.

Note that it's highly suspicious that you have only full collections. Perhaps you need to increase the size of young generation and/or survivor space.

See also:

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