Javascript – app.set(‘port’, port) ‘TypeError: undefined is not a function’. Beginner, need ideas


I'm an amateur learning to build with node.js. I've been following a tutorial to create my first node.js app. It worked perfectly until I entered 'npm start'. The log is:

TypeError: undefined is not a function
    at Object.<anonymous> M+<C;\node\nodetest3\bin\www:16:5
    at Module_compile (module.js:460:26)
    at Object.Module._extensions..js (module.js:478:10)
    at Module.load (module.js:355:32)
    at Function.Module._load (module.js:310:12)
    at Function.module.runMain (module.js:501:10)
    at startup(node.js:129:16)
    at node.js:814:3

Then it output about 20 lines starting with "npm ERR! " + filepaths, that I don't think are necessary, as the error seems to be in the bin file. The code for this is

#!/usr/bin/env node
* Module dependencies.

var app = require('../app');
var debug = require('debug')('nodetest3:server');
var http = require('http');

* Get port from environment and store in Express.

var port = normalizePort(process.env.PORT || '3000');

This is where the error points to:

[app.set('port', port);]

——-^error pointer at 's'-so clearly about set————

app.set('port', port);
 * Create HTTP server.

var server = http.createServer(app);

 * Listen on provided port, on all network interfaces.

server.on('error', onError);
server.on('listening', onListening);

 * Normalize a port into a number, string, or false.

function normalizePort(val) {
    var port = parseInt(val, 10);

  if (isNaN(port)) {
    // named pipe
    return val;

  if (port >= 0) {
    // port number
    return port;

   return false;

* Event listener for HTTP server "error" event.

function onError(error) {
  if (error.syscall !== 'listen') {
    throw error;

  var bind = typeof port === 'string'
    ? 'Pipe ' + port
    : 'Port ' + port;

  // handle specific listen errors with friendly messages
  switch (error.code) {
    case 'EACCES':
      console.error(bind + ' requires elevated privileges');
    case 'EADDRINUSE':
      console.error(bind + ' is already in use');
      throw error;

 * Event listener for HTTP server "listening" event.

function onListening() {
  var addr = server.address();
  var bind = typeof addr === 'string'
    ? 'pipe ' + addr
    : 'port ' + addr.port;
  debug('Listening on ' + bind);

Like I said in the beginning, I'm a complete beginner with command-line/github, but I'm already in love with it. I try to practice it every night after I finish my homework, and am getting really frustrated about getting stuck because I haven't been able to move forward for four days now. Also, I'm running this on node.js and the OS is Windows 8. Anything helps!  Let me know if you want me to post any of the other code; I omitted so as to not add more than necessary.

 "../app (app.js file) JUST ADDED"***************************
../app file:
    [ App.js   ]
 var express = require('express');
 var path = require('path');
 var favicon = require('serve-favicon');
 var logger = require('morgan');
 var cookieParser = require('cookie-parser');
 var bodyParser = require('body-parser'); 

var routes = require('./routes/index');
var users = require('./routes/users');
var app = express();

///  catch 404 and forwarding to error handler
app.use(function(req, res, next) {
    var err = new Error('Not Found');
    err.status = 404;
var app = express();
// error handlers

// development error handler
// will print stacktrace
if (app.get('env') === 'development') {
        app.use(function(err, req, res, next) {
        res.status(err.status || 500);
        res.render('error', {
            message: err.message,
            error: err

var app = express();

// view engine setup
app.set('views', path.join(__dirname, 'views'));
app.set('view engine', 'jade');

// uncomment after placing your favicon in /public
//app.use(favicon(__dirname + '/public/favicon.ico'));
app.use(bodyParser.json({estended: true}));
app.use(bodyParser.urlencoded({extended: true}));
app.use(express.static(path.join(__dirname, 'public')));

app.use('/', routes);
app.use('/users', users);

//  production error handler
// no stacktraces leaked to user
app.use(function(err, req, res, next) {
    res.status(err.status || 500);
    res.render('error', {
        message: err.message,
        error: {}

Best Solution

You are not exporting anything in the app.js file. At the end of app.js file, include following line.

module.exports = app;

See whether your problem goes away.

And one more addition: you have var app = express(); twice in your app.js.

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