Javascript – Calculate last day of month

datejavascript

If you provide 0 as the dayValue in Date.setFullYear you get the last day of the previous month:

d = new Date(); d.setFullYear(2008, 11, 0); //  Sun Nov 30 2008

There is reference to this behaviour at mozilla. Is this a reliable cross-browser feature or should I look at alternative methods?

Best Solution

var month = 0; // January
var d = new Date(2008, month + 1, 0);
console.log(d.toString()); // last day in January

IE 6:                     Thu Jan 31 00:00:00 CST 2008
IE 7:                     Thu Jan 31 00:00:00 CST 2008
IE 8: Beta 2:             Thu Jan 31 00:00:00 CST 2008
Opera 8.54:               Thu, 31 Jan 2008 00:00:00 GMT-0600
Opera 9.27:               Thu, 31 Jan 2008 00:00:00 GMT-0600
Opera 9.60:               Thu Jan 31 2008 00:00:00 GMT-0600
Firefox 2.0.0.17:         Thu Jan 31 2008 00:00:00 GMT-0600 (Canada Central Standard Time)
Firefox 3.0.3:            Thu Jan 31 2008 00:00:00 GMT-0600 (Canada Central Standard Time)
Google Chrome 0.2.149.30: Thu Jan 31 2008 00:00:00 GMT-0600 (Canada Central Standard Time)
Safari for Windows 3.1.2: Thu Jan 31 2008 00:00:00 GMT-0600 (Canada Central Standard Time)

Output differences are due to differences in the toString() implementation, not because the dates are different.

Of course, just because the browsers identified above use 0 as the last day of the previous month does not mean they will continue to do so, or that browsers not listed will do so, but it lends credibility to the belief that it should work the same way in every browser.