Javascript – Calling Javascript from a html form

dom-eventsformshtmljavascript

I am basing my question and example on Jason's answer in this question

I am trying to avoid using an eventListener, and just to call handleClick onsubmit, when the submit button is clicked.

Absolutely nothing happens with the code I have.

Why is handleClick not being called?

<html>
  <head>
    <script type="text/javascript">
      function getRadioButtonValue(rbutton)
      {
        for (var i = 0; i < rbutton.length; ++i)
        { 
          if (rbutton[i].checked)
            return rbutton[i].value;
        }
        return null;
      }

      function handleClick(event)
      {
        alert("Favorite weird creature: "+getRadioButtonValue(this["whichThing"]));
        event.preventDefault(); // disable normal form submit behavior
        return false; // prevent further bubbling of event
      }
    </script>
  </head>
<body>
    <form name="myform" onSubmit="JavaScript:handleClick()">
      <input name="Submit"  type="submit" value="Update" onClick="JavaScript:handleClick()"/>
      Which of the following do you like best?
      <p><input type="radio" name="whichThing" value="slithy toves" />Slithy toves</p>
      <p><input type="radio" name="whichThing" value="borogoves" />Borogoves</p>
      <p><input type="radio" name="whichThing" value="mome raths" />Mome raths</p>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

edit:

Please do not suggest a framework as a solution.

Here are the relevant changes I have made to the code, which results in the same behavior.

      function handleClick()
      {
        alert("Favorite weird creature: "+getRadioButtonValue(document.myform['whichThing'])));
        event.preventDefault(); // disable normal form submit behavior
        return false; // prevent further bubbling of event
      }
    </script>
  </head>
<body>
<form name="aye">;
      <input name="Submit"  type="submit" value="Update" action="JavaScript:handleClick()"/>
      Which of the following do you like best?
      <p><input type="radio" name="whichThing" value="slithy toves" />Slithy toves</p>
      <p><input type="radio" name="whichThing" value="borogoves" />Borogoves</p>
      <p><input type="radio" name="whichThing" value="mome raths" />Mome raths</p>
    </form>

Best Solution

You can either use javascript url form with

<form action="javascript:handleClick()">

Or use onSubmit event handler

<form onSubmit="return handleClick()">

In the later form, if you return false from the handleClick it will prevent the normal submision procedure. Return true if you want the browser to follow normal submision procedure.

Your onSubmit event handler in the button also fails because of the Javascript: part

EDIT: I just tried this code and it works:

<html>
  <head>
    <script type="text/javascript">

      function handleIt() {
        alert("hello");
      }

    </script>
  </head>

<body>
    <form name="myform" action="javascript:handleIt()">
      <input name="Submit"  type="submit" value="Update"/>
    </form>
</body>
</html>