Javascript – How to detect if document has loaded (IE 7/Firefox 3)


I want to call a function after a document loads, but the document may or may not have finished loading yet. If it did load, then I can just call the function. If it did NOT load, then I can attach an event listener. I can't add an eventlistener after onload has already fired since it won't get called. So how can I check if the document has loaded? I tried the code below but it doesn't entirely work. Any ideas?

var body = document.getElementsByTagName('BODY')[0];
if (body && body.readyState == 'loaded') {
} else {
    if (window.addEventListener) {  
        window.addEventListener('load', DoStuffFunction, false);
    } else {
        window.attachEvent('onload', DoStuffFunction);

Best Solution

There's no need for all the code mentioned by galambalazs. The cross-browser way to do it in pure JavaScript is simply to test document.readyState:

if (document.readyState === "complete") { init(); }

This is also how jQuery does it.

Depending on where the JavaScript is loaded, this can be done inside an interval:

var readyStateCheckInterval = setInterval(function() {
    if (document.readyState === "complete") {
}, 10);

In fact, document.readyState can have three states:

Returns "loading" while the document is loading, "interactive" once it is finished parsing but still loading sub-resources, and "complete" once it has loaded. -- document.readyState at Mozilla Developer Network

So if you only need the DOM to be ready, check for document.readyState === "interactive". If you need the whole page to be ready, including images, check for document.readyState === "complete".