Javascript – Why scripts at the end of body tag

csshtmljavascriptpageloadweb

I know this question was asked many times, but I haven't found answer. So why its recommended to include scripts at the end of body tag for better rendering?

From Udacity course https://www.udacity.com/course/ud884 – rendering starts after DOM and CSSOM are ready. JS is HTML parse blocking and any script starts after CSSOM is ready.

So if we got:

<html>
    <head>
        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1">
        <title>CRP</title>
        <link rel="stylesheet" href="styles.css">
    </head>
    <body>
        <!-- content -->
        <script src="script.js"></script>
    </body>
</html>

CRP would be:

CSSOM ready > JS execute > DOM ready > Rendering

And if script is at head:

<html>
    <head>
        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1">
        <title>CRP</title>
        <link rel="stylesheet" href="styles.css">
        <script src="script.js"></script>
    </head>
    <body>
        <!-- content -->
    </body>
</html>

CRP would be the same:

CSSOM ready > JS execute > DOM ready > Rendering

This question is only about "sync" scripts (without async/defer attribute).

Best Solution

Scripts, historically, blocked additional resources from being downloaded more quickly. By placing them at the bottom, your style, content, and media could download more quickly giving the perception of improved performance.

Further reading: The async and defer attributes.