I was thinking about making something like Linq for Lua, and I have a general idea how Linq works, but was wondering if there was a good article or if someone could explain how C# makes Linq possible
Note: I mean behind the scenes, like how it generates code bindings and all that, not end user syntax.
It's hard to answer the question because LINQ is so many different things. For instance, sticking to C#, the following things are involved:
IEnumerable<T>) to effectively gain a lot more power.
var) are used primarily when working with anonymous types, to maintain a statically typed language where you may not be able to "speak" the name of the type explicitly.
Obviously a lot of these aren't only used by LINQ, but different LINQ technologies will depend on them.
If you can give more indication of what aspects you're interested in, we may be able to provide more detail.
If you're interested in effectively implementing LINQ to Objects, you might be interested in a talk I gave at DDD in Reading a couple of weeks ago - basically implementing as much of LINQ to Objects as possible in an hour. We were far from complete by the end of it, but it should give a pretty good idea of the kind of thing you need to do (and buffering/streaming, iterator blocks, query expression translation etc). The videos aren't up yet (and I haven't put the code up for download yet) but if you're interested, drop me a mail at email@example.com and I'll let you know when they're up. (I'll probably blog about it too.)