Linux – How to do non-blocking console I/O on Linux in C

c++iolinuxmacosnonblocking

How do you do nonblocking console IO on Linux/OS X in C?

Best Solution

I want to add an example:

#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdio.h>

int main(int argc, char const *argv[])

{
    char buf[20];
    fcntl(0, F_SETFL, fcntl(0, F_GETFL) | O_NONBLOCK);
    sleep(4);
    int numRead = read(0, buf, 4);
    if (numRead > 0) {
        printf("You said: %s", buf);
    }
}

When you run this program you have 4 seconds to provide input to standard in. If no input found, it will not block and will simply return.

2 sample executions:

Korays-MacBook-Pro:~ koraytugay$ ./a.out
fda 
You said: fda
Korays-MacBook-Pro:~ koraytugay$ ./a.out
Korays-MacBook-Pro:~ koraytugay$