Matlab – Multi-class classification in libsvm

classificationlibsvmmachine-learningmatlabsvm

I'm working with libsvm and I must implement the classification for multiclasses with one versus all.

How can I do it?
Does libsvm version 2011 use this?


I think that my question is not very clear.
if libsvm don't use automatically one versus all,I will use one svm for every class, else how can i defined this parameters in the svmtrain function.
I had read README of libsvm.

Best Solution

According to the official libsvm documentation (Section 7):

LIBSVM implements the "one-against-one" approach for multi-class classification. If k is the number of classes, then k(k-1)/2 classifiers are constructed and each one trains data from two classes.

In classification we use a voting strategy: each binary classification is considered to be a voting where votes can be cast for all data points x - in the end a point is designated to be in a class with the maximum number of votes.

In the one-against-all approach, we build as many binary classifiers as there are classes, each trained to separate one class from the rest. To predict a new instance, we choose the classifier with the largest decision function value.


As I mentioned before, the idea is to train k SVM models each one separating one class from the rest. Once we have those binary classifiers, we use the probability outputs (the -b 1 option) to predict new instances by picking the class with the highest probability.

Consider the following example:

%# Fisher Iris dataset
load fisheriris
[~,~,labels] = unique(species);   %# labels: 1/2/3
data = zscore(meas);              %# scale features
numInst = size(data,1);
numLabels = max(labels);

%# split training/testing
idx = randperm(numInst);
numTrain = 100; numTest = numInst - numTrain;
trainData = data(idx(1:numTrain),:);  testData = data(idx(numTrain+1:end),:);
trainLabel = labels(idx(1:numTrain)); testLabel = labels(idx(numTrain+1:end));

Here is my implementation for the one-against-all approach for multi-class SVM:

%# train one-against-all models
model = cell(numLabels,1);
for k=1:numLabels
    model{k} = svmtrain(double(trainLabel==k), trainData, '-c 1 -g 0.2 -b 1');
end

%# get probability estimates of test instances using each model
prob = zeros(numTest,numLabels);
for k=1:numLabels
    [~,~,p] = svmpredict(double(testLabel==k), testData, model{k}, '-b 1');
    prob(:,k) = p(:,model{k}.Label==1);    %# probability of class==k
end

%# predict the class with the highest probability
[~,pred] = max(prob,[],2);
acc = sum(pred == testLabel) ./ numel(testLabel)    %# accuracy
C = confusionmat(testLabel, pred)                   %# confusion matrix
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