Mysql – gem install: Failed to build gem native extension (can’t find header files)

mysqlrubyrubygems

I am using Fedora 14 and I have MySQL and MySQL server 5.1.42 installed and running.
Now I tried to do this as root user:

gem install mysql

But I get this error:

Building native extensions.  This could take a while...
ERROR:  Error installing mysql:
    ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension.

/usr/bin/ruby extconf.rb
mkmf.rb can't find header files for ruby at /usr/lib/ruby/ruby.h


Gem files will remain installed in /usr/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/mysql-2.8.1 for inspection.
Results logged to /usr/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/mysql-2.8.1/ext/mysql_api/gem_make.out

What's wrong here? In installed ruby 1.8.7. and the latest rubygems 1.3.7.

Best Solution

For those who may be confused by the accepted answer, as I was, you also need to have the ruby headers installed [ruby-devel].

The article that saved my hide is here.

And this is the revised solution (note that I'm on Fedora 13):

yum -y install gcc mysql-devel ruby-devel rubygems
gem install -y mysql -- --with-mysql-config=/usr/bin/mysql_config

For Debian, and other distributions using Debian style packaging the ruby development headers are installed by:

sudo apt-get install ruby-dev

For Ubuntu the ruby development headers are installed by:

sudo apt-get install ruby-all-dev

If you are using a earlier version of ruby (such as 2.2), then you will need to run:

sudo apt-get install ruby2.2-dev

(where 2.2 is your desired Ruby version)

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