Mysql – How to perform grouped ranking in MySQL

mysqlsqlwindow-functions

So I have a table as follows:

ID_STUDENT | ID_CLASS | GRADE
-----------------------------
   1       |    1     |  90
   1       |    2     |  80
   2       |    1     |  99
   3       |    1     |  80
   4       |    1     |  70
   5       |    2     |  78
   6       |    2     |  90
   6       |    3     |  50
   7       |    3     |  90

I need to then group, sort and order them to give:

ID_STUDENT | ID_CLASS | GRADE | RANK
------------------------------------
    2      |    1     |  99   |  1
    1      |    1     |  90   |  2
    3      |    1     |  80   |  3
    4      |    1     |  70   |  4
    6      |    2     |  90   |  1
    1      |    2     |  80   |  2
    5      |    2     |  78   |  3
    7      |    3     |  90   |  1
    6      |    3     |  50   |  2

Now I know that you can use a temp variable to rank, like here, but how do I do it for a grouped set? Thanks for any insight!

Best Solution

SELECT id_student, id_class, grade,
   @student:=CASE WHEN @class <> id_class THEN 0 ELSE @student+1 END AS rn,
   @class:=id_class AS clset
FROM
  (SELECT @student:= -1) s,
  (SELECT @class:= -1) c,
  (SELECT *
   FROM mytable
   ORDER BY id_class, id_student
  ) t

This works in a very plain way:

  1. Initial query is ordered by id_class first, id_student second.
  2. @student and @class are initialized to -1
  3. @class is used to test if the next set is entered. If the previous value of the id_class (which is stored in @class) is not equal to the current value (which is stored in id_class), the @student is zeroed. Otherwise is is incremented.
  4. @class is assigned with the new value of id_class, and it will be used in test on step 3 at the next row.