Mysql – Install MySQL on Ubuntu without a password prompt

aptbashmysqlubuntu

How do I write a script to install MySQL server on Ubuntu?

sudo apt-get install mysql will install, but it will also ask for a password to be entered in the console.

How do I do this in a non-interactive way? That is, write a script that can provide the password?

#!/bin/bash
sudo apt-get install mysql  # To install MySQL server

# How to write script for assigning password to MySQL root user
# End

Best Solution

sudo debconf-set-selections <<< 'mysql-server mysql-server/root_password password your_password'
sudo debconf-set-selections <<< 'mysql-server mysql-server/root_password_again password your_password'
sudo apt-get -y install mysql-server

For specific versions, such as mysql-server-5.6, you'll need to specify the version in like this:

sudo debconf-set-selections <<< 'mysql-server-5.6 mysql-server/root_password password your_password'
sudo debconf-set-selections <<< 'mysql-server-5.6 mysql-server/root_password_again password your_password'
sudo apt-get -y install mysql-server-5.6

For mysql-community-server, the keys are slightly different:

sudo debconf-set-selections <<< 'mysql-community-server mysql-community-server/root-pass password your_password'
sudo debconf-set-selections <<< 'mysql-community-server mysql-community-server/re-root-pass password your_password'
sudo apt-get -y install mysql-community-server

Replace your_password with the desired root password. (it seems your_password can also be left blank for a blank root password.)

If your shell doesn't support here-strings (zsh, ksh93 and bash support them), use:

echo ... | sudo debconf-set-selections