.net – Passing a parameter using RelayCommand defined in the ViewModel (from Josh Smith example)

.netdata-bindinglambdamvvmwpf

I would like to pass a parameter defined in the XAML (View) of my application to the ViewModel class by using the RelayCommand. I followed Josh Smith's excellent article on MVVM and have implemented the following.

XAML Code

        <Button 
        Command="{Binding Path=ACommandWithAParameter}"
        CommandParameter="Orange"
        HorizontalAlignment="Left" 
        Style="{DynamicResource SimpleButton}" 
        VerticalAlignment="Top" 
        Content="Button"/>

ViewModel Code

  public RelayCommand _aCommandWithAParameter;
  /// <summary>
  /// Returns a command with a parameter
  /// </summary>
  public RelayCommand ACommandWithAParameter
  {
     get
     {
        if (_aCommandWithAParameter == null)
        {
           _aCommandWithAParameter = new RelayCommand(
               param => this.CommandWithAParameter("Apple")
               );
        }

        return _aCommandWithAParameter;
     }
  }

  public void CommandWithAParameter(String aParameter)
  {
     String theParameter = aParameter;
  }
  #endregion

I set a breakpoint in the CommandWithAParameter method and observed that aParameter was set to "Apple", and not "Orange". This seems obvious as the method CommandWithAParameter is being called with the literal String "Apple".

However, looking up the execution stack, I can see that "Orange", the CommandParameter I set in the XAML is the parameter value for RelayCommand implemenation of the ICommand Execute interface method.

That is the value of parameter in the method below of the execution stack is "Orange",

  public void Execute(object parameter)
  {
     _execute(parameter);
  }

What I am trying to figure out is how to create the RelayCommand ACommandWithAParameter property such that it can call the CommandWithAParameter method with the CommandParameter "Orange" defined in the XAML.

Is there a way to do this?

Why do I want to do this? Part of "On The Fly Localization"
In my particular implementation I want to create a SetLanguage RelayCommand that can be bound to multiple buttons. I would like to pass the two character language identifier ("en", "es", "ja", etc) as the CommandParameter and have that be defined for each "set language" button defined in the XAML. I want to avoid having to create a SetLanguageToXXX command for each language supporting and hard coding the two character language identifier into each RelayCommand in the ViewModel.

Best Solution

I don't understand why you have the extra complexity of specifying the lambda in the first place. Why not just do this:

if (_aCommandWithAParameter == null)
{           
    _aCommandWithAParameter = new RelayCommand<object>(CommandWithAParameter);
}

private void CommandWithAParameter(object state)
{
    var str = state as string;
}
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