Php – Best way to get result count before LIMIT was applied


When paging through data that comes from a DB, you need to know how many pages there will be to render the page jump controls.

Currently I do that by running the query twice, once wrapped in a count() to determine the total results, and a second time with a limit applied to get back just the results I need for the current page.

This seems inefficient. Is there a better way to determine how many results would have been returned before LIMIT was applied?

I am using PHP and Postgres.

Best Solution

Pure SQL

Things have changed since 2008. You can use a window function to get the full count and the limited result in one query. Introduced with PostgreSQL 8.4 in 2009.

     , count(*) OVER() AS full_count
FROM   bar
WHERE  <some condition>
ORDER  BY <some col>
LIMIT  <pagesize>
OFFSET <offset>;

Note that this can be considerably more expensive than without the total count. All rows have to be counted, and a possible shortcut taking just the top rows from a matching index may not be helpful any more.
Doesn't matter much with small tables or full_count <= OFFSET + LIMIT. Matters for a substantially bigger full_count.

Corner case: when OFFSET is at least as great as the number of rows from the base query, no row is returned. So you also get no full_count. Possible alternative:

Sequence of events in a SELECT query

( 0. CTEs are evaluated and materialized separately. In Postgres 12 or later the planner may inline those like subqueries before going to work.) Not here.

  1. WHERE clause (and JOIN conditions, though none in your example) filter qualifying rows from the base table(s). The rest is based on the filtered subset.

( 2. GROUP BY and aggregate functions would go here.) Not here.

( 3. Other SELECT list expressions are evaluated, based on grouped / aggregated columns.) Not here.

  1. Window functions are applied depending on the OVER clause and the frame specification of the function. The simple count(*) OVER() is based on all qualifying rows.


( 6. DISTINCT or DISTINCT ON would go here.) Not here.

  1. LIMIT / OFFSET are applied based on the established order to select rows to return.

LIMIT / OFFSET becomes increasingly inefficient with a growing number of rows in the table. Consider alternative approaches if you need better performance:

Alternatives to get final count

There are completely different approaches to get the count of affected rows (not the full count before OFFSET & LIMIT were applied). Postgres has internal bookkeeping how many rows where affected by the last SQL command. Some clients can access that information or count rows themselves (like psql).

For instance, you can retrieve the number of affected rows in plpgsql immediately after executing an SQL command with:


Details in the manual.

Or you can use pg_num_rows in PHP. Or similar functions in other clients.


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