Php – Connecting to WS-Security protected Web Service with PHP

phpsoapweb-servicesws-security

I am trying to connect to a Web Service which is password protected and the url is https. I can't figure out how to authenticate before the script makes a request. It seems like it makes a request as soon as I define the service. For instance, if I put in:

$client = new SoapClient("https://example.com/WSDL/nameofservice",
       array('trace' => 1,)
);

and then go to the site on the browser, I get:

Fatal error: Uncaught SoapFault exception: 
[WSDL] SOAP-ERROR: Parsing WSDL: Couldn't load from
'https://example.com/WSDL/nameofservice' in /path/to/my/script/myscript.php:2 
Stack trace: #0 /path/to/my/script/myscript.php(2): 
SoapClient->SoapClient('https://example...', Array) #1 {main} thrown in 
/path/to/my/script/myscript.php on line 2

If I try defining the service as a Soap Server, like:

$server= new SoapServer("https://example.com/WSDL/nameofservice");

I get:

<SOAP-ENV:Envelope xmlns:SOAP-ENV="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
<SOAP-ENV:Body>
<SOAP-ENV:Fault>
<faultcode>WSDL</faultcode>
<faultstring>
SOAP-ERROR: Parsing WSDL: 
Couldn't load from 'https://example.com/WSDL/nameofservice'
</faultstring>
</SOAP-ENV:Fault>
</SOAP-ENV:Body>
</SOAP-ENV:Envelope>

I haven't tried sending a raw request envelope yet to see what the server returns, but that may be a workaround. But I was hoping someone could tell me how I can set it up using the php built-in classes. I tried adding "userName" and "password" to the array, but that was no good. The problem is that I can't even tell if I'm reaching the remote site at all, let alone whether it is refusing the request.

Best Solution

Simply extend the SoapHeader to create a Wsse compilant authentication:

class WsseAuthHeader extends SoapHeader {

private $wss_ns = 'http://docs.oasis-open.org/wss/2004/01/oasis-200401-wss-wssecurity-secext-1.0.xsd';

function __construct($user, $pass, $ns = null) {
    if ($ns) {
        $this->wss_ns = $ns;
    }

    $auth = new stdClass();
    $auth->Username = new SoapVar($user, XSD_STRING, NULL, $this->wss_ns, NULL, $this->wss_ns); 
    $auth->Password = new SoapVar($pass, XSD_STRING, NULL, $this->wss_ns, NULL, $this->wss_ns);

    $username_token = new stdClass();
    $username_token->UsernameToken = new SoapVar($auth, SOAP_ENC_OBJECT, NULL, $this->wss_ns, 'UsernameToken', $this->wss_ns); 

    $security_sv = new SoapVar(
        new SoapVar($username_token, SOAP_ENC_OBJECT, NULL, $this->wss_ns, 'UsernameToken', $this->wss_ns),
        SOAP_ENC_OBJECT, NULL, $this->wss_ns, 'Security', $this->wss_ns);
    parent::__construct($this->wss_ns, 'Security', $security_sv, true);
}
}



$wsse_header = new WsseAuthHeader($username, $password);
$x = new SoapClient('{...}', array("trace" => 1, "exception" => 0));
$x->__setSoapHeaders(array($wsse_header));

If you need to use ws-security with a nonce and a timestamp, Peter has posted an update version on http://php.net/manual/en/soapclient.soapclient.php#114976 of which he wrote that it did work for him:

class WsseAuthHeader extends SoapHeader
{
    private $wss_ns = 'http://docs.oasis-open.org/wss/2004/01/oasis-200401-wss-wssecurity-secext-1.0.xsd';
    private $wsu_ns = 'http://docs.oasis-open.org/wss/2004/01/oasis-200401-wss-wssecurity-utility-1.0.xsd';

    function __construct($user, $pass)
    {
        $created    = gmdate('Y-m-d\TH:i:s\Z');
        $nonce      = mt_rand();
        $passdigest = base64_encode(pack('H*', sha1(pack('H*', $nonce) . pack('a*', $created) . pack('a*', $pass))));

        $auth           = new stdClass();
        $auth->Username = new SoapVar($user, XSD_STRING, NULL, $this->wss_ns, NULL, $this->wss_ns);
        $auth->Password = new SoapVar($pass, XSD_STRING, NULL, $this->wss_ns, NULL, $this->wss_ns);
        $auth->Nonce    = new SoapVar($passdigest, XSD_STRING, NULL, $this->wss_ns, NULL, $this->wss_ns);
        $auth->Created  = new SoapVar($created, XSD_STRING, NULL, $this->wss_ns, NULL, $this->wsu_ns);

        $username_token                = new stdClass();
        $username_token->UsernameToken = new SoapVar($auth, SOAP_ENC_OBJECT, NULL, $this->wss_ns, 'UsernameToken', $this->wss_ns);

        $security_sv = new SoapVar(
            new SoapVar($username_token, SOAP_ENC_OBJECT, NULL, $this->wss_ns, 'UsernameToken', $this->wss_ns),
            SOAP_ENC_OBJECT, NULL, $this->wss_ns, 'Security', $this->wss_ns);
        parent::__construct($this->wss_ns, 'Security', $security_sv, true);
    }
}

compare as well with the details given in answer https://stackoverflow.com/a/18575154/367456

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