Php – Do SQL connections opened with PDO in PHP have to be closed


When I open a MySQL connection in PHP with just PHP's built-in MySQL functions, I do the following:

$link = mysql_connect($servername, $username, $password);
//queries etcetera

When I open a connection with PDO, it looks like this:

$link = new PDO("mysql:dbname=$dbname;host=$servername",$username,$password);
//prepare statements, perform queries

Do I have to explicitly close the connection like I do with mysql_connect() and mysql_close()? If not, how does PHP know when I'm done with my connection?


Best Solution

Use $link = null to let PDO know it can close the connection.

PHP: PDO Connections & Connection Management

Upon successful connection to the database, an instance of the PDO class is returned to your script. The connection remains active for the lifetime of that PDO object. To close the connection, you need to destroy the object by ensuring that all remaining references to it are deleted--you do this by assigning NULL to the variable that holds the object. If you don't do this explicitly, PHP will automatically close the connection when your script ends.