Php – How to restrict JSON access


I have a web application that pulls data from my newly created JSON API.

My static HTML pages dynamically calls the JSON API via JavaScript from the static HTML page.

How do I restrict access to my JSON API so that only I (my website) can call from it?

In case it helps, my API is something like:… which generates the appropriate JSON based on the query.

I'm using PHP to generate my JSON results … can restricting access to the JSON API be as simple as checking the $_SERVER['HTTP_REFERER'] to ensure that the API is only being called from my domain and not a remote user?

Best Solution

I think you might be misunderstanding the part where the JSON request is initiated from the user's browser rather than from your own server. The static HTML page is delivered to the user's browser, then it turns around and executes the Javascript code on the page. This code opens a new connection back to your server to obtain the JSON data. From your PHP script's point of view, the JSON request comes from somewhere in the outside world.

Given the above mechanism, there isn't much you can do to prevent anybody from calling the JSON API outside the context of your HTML page.