How to write a join query across multiple tables in CakePHP

cakephpjoin

can anyone tell me, how to retrieve joined result from multiple tables in cakePHP ( using cakePHP mvc architecture). For example, I have three tables to join (tbl_topics, tbl_items, tbl_votes. Their relationship is defined as following: a topic can have many items and an item can have many votes. Now I want to retrieve a list of topics with the count of all votes on all items for each topic. The SQL query for this is written below:

SELECT Topic.*, count(Vote.id) voteCount 
FROM 
tbl_topics AS Topic 
LEFT OUTER JOIN tbl_items AS Item 
ON (Topic.id = Item.topic_id)
LEFT OUTER JOIN tbl_votes AS Vote
ON (Item.id = Vote.item_id); 

My problem is I can do it easily using $this-><Model Name>->query function, but this requires sql code to be written in the controller which I don't want. I'm trying to find out any other way to do this (like find()).

Best Solution

$markers = $this->Marker->find('all', array('joins' => array(
    array(
        'table' => 'markers_tags',
        'alias' => 'MarkersTag',
        'type' => 'inner',
        'foreignKey' => false,
        'conditions'=> array('MarkersTag.marker_id = Marker.id')
    ),
    array(
        'table' => 'tags',
        'alias' => 'Tag',
        'type' => 'inner',
        'foreignKey' => false,
        'conditions'=> array(
            'Tag.id = MarkersTag.tag_id',
            'Tag.tag' => explode(' ', $this->params['url']['q'])
        )
    )
))); 

as referred to in nate abele's article: link text

Related Question