Python – Converting NumPy array into Python List structure


How do I convert a NumPy array to a Python List (for example [[1,2,3],[4,5,6]] ), and do it reasonably fast?

Best Solution

Use tolist():

import numpy as np
>>> np.array([[1,2,3],[4,5,6]]).tolist()
[[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6]]

Note that this converts the values from whatever numpy type they may have (e.g. np.int32 or np.float32) to the "nearest compatible Python type" (in a list). If you want to preserve the numpy data types, you could call list() on your array instead, and you'll end up with a list of numpy scalars. (Thanks to Mr_and_Mrs_D for pointing that out in a comment.)